Metropolitan Municipality | Statistics South Africa

Mangaung

Quick Fact

Mangaung has a population of 747 431, of which 83,3% are black African.

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Mangaung Metropolitan Municipality is a Category A municipality. It is situated in the Free State province, in the central interior of South Africa.  The Free State is bordered by Gauteng, the Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and North West provinces, as well as the neighbouring country of Lesotho.

Mangaung, meaning “the place of the cheetah”, accentuates the vibrant, dynamic and energetic character of the tourism industry in the “City on the move (at the heart of it all)”.  The economy is strongly driven by the government sector, which has seen the fastest growth in the last five years as a result of increased government programmes in livelihoods improvement interventions.  The finance sector is the second-fastest growing sector due to very active estate and construction activities. Small businesses have a major role to play in the Mangaung economy, in terms of employment creation, income generation and output growth.

Cities/Towns: Bloemfontein, Botshabelo, Mangaung, Thaba Nchu
Main Economic Sectors: Government services, finance

Rank By:
8 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
City of Tshwane , Gauteng 2,921,488 5
Nelson Mandela Bay , Eastern Cape 1,152,115 6
Buffalo City , Eastern Cape 755,200 7
Mangaung , Free State 747,431 8
Quick Fact

4,3% aged 20+ had no formal schooling.

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Mangaung has a population of 747 431, of which 83,3% are black African, 11,0% are white, 5,0% are coloured, with other population groups making up the remaining 0,7%.Of those aged 20 years and older, 4,7% have completed primary education, 33,2% have some secondary education, 30,3% have completed matric and 14,2% have some form of higher education. 4,3% of this group have no formal schooling.

Group Percentage
Black African83,3%
Coloured5%
Indian/Asian0,4%
White11%
Other0,3%
Age Males Females
0-4 5% 5%
5-9 4,4% 4,4%
10-14 4,1% 3,9%
15-19 4,7% 4,8%
20-24 5,8% 5,5%
25-29 5,1% 4,8%
30-34 4,1% 3,8%
35-39 3,4% 3,6%
40-44 2,9% 3,3%
45-49 2,4% 2,4%
50-54 2% 2,4%
55-59 1,5% 2%
60-64 1,1% 1,6%
65-69 0,8% 1,1%
70-74 0,5% 0,9%
75-79 0,3% 0,6%
80-84 0,2% 0,4%
85+ 0,1% 0,4%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 15,8%
English 4,2%
IsiNdebele 0,4%
IsiXhosa 9,6%
IsiZulu 0,9%
Sepedi 0,3%
Sesotho 51,9%
Setswana 12,3%
Sign Language 1,1%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0,1%
Xitsonga 0,1%
Other 0.6%
Not Applicable 2,6%
Group Percentage
Married 23,3%
Living together like married partners 8,5%
Never married 60,9%
Widower/Widow 4,6%
Separated 1,1%
Divorced 1,6%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3,3%
Some Primary 37,7%
Completed Primary 5,4%
Some Secondary 30,6%
Completed Secondary 16,5%
Higher Education 3,7%
Not Applicable 2,7%
Sex Percentage
Female 51,5%
Male 48,5%
Quick Fact

91,4% of households have access to electricity for lighting.

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There are 231 931 households in Mangaung, with an average household size of 3,1 persons per household.86,1% of households have access to piped water either in the dwelling or in the yard.  Only 2,1% of households do not have access to piped water.

 

 

Area Percentage
Urban 90,6%
Tribal/Traditional 6,9%
Farm 2,5%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 89,5% 10,5%
Computer 25,1% 74,9%
Television 80,9% 19,1%
Satellite Television 25,7% 74,3%
Radio 79,7% 20,3%
Landline / Telephone 11,6% 88,4%
Motor Car 30,2% 69,8%
Refrigerator 77,5% 22,5%
Electric / Gas-Stove 86,7% 13,3%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 88,3% 52,7% 91,4%
Gas 2,2% 4,2% 0,2%
Paraffin 8% 32,5% 4,3%
Solar 0,2% 0,2% 0,2%
Candles 0% 0% 3,8%
Wood 0,5% 1,9% 0%
Coal 0,1% 0,5% 0%
Animal Dung 0,4% 0,7% 0%
Other 0,2% 0% 0%
None 0,2% 7,2% 0,2%
Access Percentage
From Home 8,6%
From Cellphone 19%
From Work 5,2%
From Elsewhere 5,4%
No Access 61,9%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 20,5%
Owned and fully paid off 51,3%
Owned but not yet paid off 11%
Occupied rent free 14,6%
Other 2,7%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 94,3%
Borehole 1,8%
Spring 0,1%
Rain water tank 0,1%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 0,2%
River/Stream 0%
Water vendor 0,5%
Water tanker 0,9%
Other 2%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 3,5%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 60,7%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 1,9%
Chemical toilet 0,4%
Pit toilet with ventilation 17,1%
Pit toilet without ventilation 12,6%
Bucket toilet 2,9%
Other 0,9%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 78,9%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 2,2%
Communal refuse dump 2,3%
Own refuse dump 12,2%
No rubbish disposal 3,5%
Other 0,9%
Quick Fact

27,7% Unemployment rate.

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Of the 292 971 economically active (employed or unemployed but looking or work) people in Mangaung, 27,7% are unemployed.  37,2% of the 150 128 economically active youth (15 – 34 years) in the area are unemployed.

Employment Status Number
Employed 211746
Unemployed 81225
Discouraged Work Seeker 18244
Not Economically Active 195707
Income Percentage
None income 11,4%
R1 - R4,800 4,6%
R4,801 - R9,600 6,8%
R9,601 - R19,600 17,2%
R19,601 - R38,200 20,2%
R38,201 - R76,4000 14,1%
R76,401 - R153,800 10,3%
R153,801 - R307,600 8%
R307,601 - R614,400 5%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 1,6%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,4%
R2,457,601+ 0,4%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 8,063
Poultry production 8,605
Vegetable production 23,591
Production of other crops 19,929
Other 6,699

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 0
Animals only 8,670
Mixed farming 5,074
Other 2,101

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 12,289
R1-R4 800 1,752
R4 801-R38 400 23,693
R38 401-R307 200 6,925
R307 201+ 882
Unspecified 630

Place names

Places in Mangaung Municipality

Key Statistics 2011

Total population747,431
Young (0-14)26,9%
Working Age (15-64)67,8%
Elderly (65+)5,3%
Dependency ratio47,4
Sex ratio94
Growth rate1,47% (2001-2011)
Population density119 persons/km2
Unemployment rate27,7%
Youth unemployment rate37,2%
No schooling aged 20+4,3%
Higher education aged 20+14,1%
Matric aged 20+30,1%
Number of households231,921
Number of Agricultural households46,172
Average household size3,1
Female headed households40,8%
Formal dwellings83,7%
Housing owned/paying off62,3%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage60,7%
Weekly refuse removal78,9%
Piped water inside dwelling46,1%
Electricity for lighting91,4%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population645,440
Young (0-14)28,4%
Working Age (15-64)67,8%
Elderly (65+)5,1%
Dependency ratio50,4%
Sex ratio90,7
Growth rate1,34% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate40,1%
Youth unemployment rate49,1%
No schooling aged 20+11,1%
Higher education aged 20+9,3%
Matric aged 20+22,1%
Number of households185,013
Average household size3,4
Female headed households40,7%
Formal dwellings71,7%
Housing owned/paying off59,3%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage47,9%
Weekly refuse removal60%
Piped water inside dwelling26%
Electricity for lighting84,9%