The Makhuduthamaga Local Municipality is a category B4 municipality that is located within the Sekhukhune District Municipality of Limpopo. The name (Makhuduthamaga) is derived from the liberatory name given to those who supported the anti-apartheid struggle in Sekhukhuneland in the 1950s. Makhuduthamaga raged a war against the white commissioner and his assailants, Marentsara. In its State of Local Government in South Africa overview report, the Department of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs (COGTA 2009) describes category B4 municipalities as municipalities which are mainly rural with communal tenure and with, at most, one or two small towns in their area. The municipality is completely rural in nature, dominated by traditional land ownership. It comprises a land area of approximately 2 096 km². It is made up of 189 settlements with a population of 274 358 people and 65 217 households, which amounts to more than 24% of the district, according to Census 2011. Like most rural municipalities, Makhuduthamaga is characterized by a weak economic base, poor infrastructure, major service delivery backlogs, dispersed human settlements and high poverty levels.
It shares borders with Fetakgomo to the north-east, Ephraim Mogale to the west, Elias Motsoaledi to the south and Lepelle Nkumpi Municipality in the north. Jane Furse, the headquarters of Makhuduthamaga Local Municipality, is located 347 km north-east of Johannesburg, 247 km north-east of Pretoria, 189 km southeast of Polokwane, and 70 km south-west of Burgersfort