Jozini

Quick Fact

Almost 1/3 of Umkhanyakude District lived in Jozini – 186 502 people

Quick Fact Image 89% of Jozini fell under traditional authority

Jozini Local Municipality is under Umkhanyakude District Municipality, located in the north eastern part of Kwazulu Natal.  The municipality shares a border with Swaziland to the west and Mozambique to the north.  It  covers 3057 km² of the total  area  of Umkhanyakude  District Municipality.  Jozini was predominatly a rural municipality with 89% of the population residing in rural areas under the jurisdiction of tradional authorities.

Main towns *** Census 2011 reveals that Jozini is the most populated municipalty within Umkhanyakude making up (186 502) 29.8% of the Umkhanyakude District. Jozini has a large dam constructed on the Phongola River on the eastern end of a narrow gorge separating the Lebombo  and Ubombo mountains.  The main towns include Ingwavuma, Jozini, uBombo, Bhambanana, Mkuze and Ndumo.

Rank By:
54 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Ulundi , KwaZulu-Natal 188,317 51
Mhlontlo , Eastern Cape 188,226 52
Moretele , North West 186,947 53
Jozini , KwaZulu-Natal 186,502 54
Albert Luthuli , Mpumalanga 186,010 55
Umzimkhulu , KwaZulu-Natal 180,302 56
Greater Taung , North West 177,642 57
Quick Fact

Jozini had the 2nd highest proportion of under 15-year olds in the province – 41%

Quick Fact Image

The population of Jozini showed a slow growth from a total population of 184 206  in 2001  to  186 502 in 2011, and the rate of growth dropped from 2,6% to 0,9%.  Black Africans made up 99% of the population and IsiZulu the most commonly spoken home language.  The population was predominantly youthful, with those aged 14 years and younger making up 41% of the total population – the second highest in the province.

The under 20 age group constituted a significant amount of the population, and those aged between 15 years and  64 years making-up just over half the population (55%) with only 4% of the population 65 years and  older.  The proportion of women stood at 54%  while males made up 46% of the total population.  This profile is indicative of the mostly male, and working-age migration patterns.

 

Education

With such a high proportion of young persons in the municipality, schooling is a priority.  Jozini has the 5th highest proportion of people in the province with no schooling – 27%.  Of those aged between 5 and 24 years, 81%  people were attending school.  Only a quarter – 25% had completed matric and just 2,8% had higher education.  Although there were high levels of school attendance, very few people progress to tertiary institution or achieve post matric qualification.  Those that do would likely migrate to find places of work opportunity.

 

Health

Jozini’s HIV/Aids prevalence rate was estimated at 17% and HIV was the leading cause of death in the municipality in 2001 – accounting for 28% of deaths.

 

Births

The high proportion of persons aged under 4 years – almost 15% of the population – is indicative of high birth rates and survival rates associated improved health services and access to anti-retroviral medication.

 

Deaths

While the higher proportion of 0-4 years was indicative of a reduction in infant mortality, mortality rates are still high.  The number of HIV deaths  accounted for almost a third of deaths in 2010, followed by Tuberculosis (11%) and cerebrovascular diseases (5%).

Group Percentage
Black African99,2%
Coloured0,1%
Indian/Asian0,2%
White0,3%
Other0,2%
Age Males Females
0-4 7,4% 7,2%
5-9 6,7% 6,5%
10-14 6,8% 6,6%
15-19 6,6% 6,7%
20-24 4,7% 5,5%
25-29 3,1% 4,5%
30-34 2,2% 3,2%
35-39 1,8% 2,6%
40-44 1,5% 2,4%
45-49 1,3% 1,3%
50-54 1,2% 1,7%
55-59 0,9% 1,2%
60-64 0,7% 1%
65-69 0,4% 0,7%
70-74 0,4% 0,7%
75-79 0,2% 0,5%
80-84 0,2% 0,5%
85+ 0,1% 0,3%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 0,3%
English 1,2%
IsiNdebele 1,1%
IsiXhosa 0,1%
IsiZulu 94,6%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 0,1%
Setswana 0,6%
Sign Language 0,6%
SiSwati 0,4%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0%
Other 0.3%
Not Applicable 0,5%
Group Percentage
Married 11,6%
Living together like married partners 7,3%
Never married 78,7%
Widower/Widow 1,8%
Separated 0,5%
Divorced 0,1%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3,5%
Some Primary 49,5%
Completed Primary 6,3%
Some Secondary 29,1%
Completed Secondary 10,8%
Higher Education 0,5%
Not Applicable 0,3%
Sex Percentage
Female 53,8%
Male 46,2%
Quick Fact

Jozini has the 5th highest proportion of people in the province with no schooling – 27%

Quick Fact Image

Jozini Municipality had a total of 38 849 households in 2011 with average household size of 5.3.  The proportion of households living in formal dwellings was was 76%.  The municipality faces many challenges in the provision of infrastructure.  The proportion of households with flush toilet connected to  sewage was 9,6 and just 10,9% households had piped water inside dwelling and 29,1% households had access to electricity.  Jozini ranks as the third lowest in the province in terms of access to electricity.

 

Poverty

Jozini Municipality was characterised by high levels of unemployment and poverty Unemployment was recorded at 44% in 2011, and youth unemployment stood at 53%.  Jozini had a total of 692 (1,8%) households headed by children and 54% of households headed by women.  The average household income was 47 018, with almost 80 000 households earning R1 600 or less.

Area Percentage
Urban 4,9%
Tribal/Traditional 94,9%
Farm 0,2%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 85,7% 14,3%
Computer 4,1% 95,9%
Television 39,8% 60,2%
Satellite Television 5% 95%
Radio 69,4% 30,6%
Landline / Telephone 2,2% 97,8%
Motor Car 13,9% 86,1%
Refrigerator 35,3% 64,7%
Electric / Gas-Stove 36,1% 63,9%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 25,6% 23,2% 29,1%
Gas 9% 3,8% 0,8%
Paraffin 0,6% 0,8% 0,6%
Solar 0,1% 0,4% 3,5%
Candles 0% 0% 64,5%
Wood 63,8% 52,8% 0%
Coal 0,4% 1,3% 0%
Animal Dung 0,1% 0,2% 0%
Other 0,2% 0% 0%
None 0,4% 17,5% 1,5%
Access Percentage
From Home 1,6%
From Cellphone 17,4%
From Work 1,6%
From Elsewhere 1,9%
No Access 77,4%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 13,2%
Owned and fully paid off 32,7%
Owned but not yet paid off 6,2%
Occupied rent free 43,7%
Other 4,2%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 44,2%
Borehole 9,5%
Spring 3%
Rain water tank 2%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 6,4%
River/Stream 26%
Water vendor 1,2%
Water tanker 3,8%
Other 4%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 23,1%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 9,6%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 2,5%
Chemical toilet 20,2%
Pit toilet with ventilation 17,9%
Pit toilet without ventilation 20,9%
Bucket toilet 1,4%
Other 4,3%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 11%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 0,9%
Communal refuse dump 1,4%
Own refuse dump 69,2%
No rubbish disposal 15,7%
Other 1,7%
Quick Fact

Jozini had a high unemployment rate

Quick Fact Image 44%

Jozini had limited economic development opportunities and in 2011, unemployment rate stood at 44% with total of 12 559 people unemployed.  The primary investment points are Mkhuze and Jozini; along with Ingwavuma, Ubombo and Bhambanana and serve as the basis for the developing activities and services such as schools, shops, community halls, etc.

Employment Status Number
Employed 15950
Unemployed 12559
Discouraged Work Seeker 12793
Not Economically Active 60921
Income Percentage
None income 15,4%
R1 - R4,800 7,6%
R4,801 - R9,600 15,2%
R9,601 - R19,600 22,3%
R19,601 - R38,200 19,1%
R38,201 - R76,4000 8,4%
R76,401 - R153,800 6,6%
R153,801 - R307,600 3,4%
R307,601 - R614,400 1,4%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,3%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,2%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 10,139
Poultry production 14,669
Vegetable production 7,162
Production of other crops 2,608
Other 1,232

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 0
Animals only 12,459
Mixed farming 5,729
Other 469

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 9,316
R1-R4 800 1,845
R4 801-R38 400 8,225
R38 401-R307 200 1,259
R307 201+ 125
Unspecified 503

Place names

Places in Jozini Municipality

Key Statistics 2011

Total population186,502
Young (0-14)41,3%
Working Age (15-64)54,8%
Elderly (65+)3,9%
Dependency ratio82,4
Sex ratio85,8
Growth rate0,12% (2001-2011)
Population density54 persons/km2
Unemployment rate44,1%
Youth unemployment rate52,7%
No schooling aged 20+27,4%
Higher education aged 20+5,1%
Matric aged 20+25,2%
Number of households38,849
Number of Agricultural households21,273
Average household size4,7
Female headed households53,7%
Formal dwellings76,5%
Housing owned/paying off38,9%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage9,6%
Weekly refuse removal11%
Piped water inside dwelling10,9%
Electricity for lighting29,1%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population184,206
Young (0-14)45,2%
Working Age (15-64)54,8%
Elderly (65+)4%
Dependency ratio96,9%
Sex ratio82,6
Growth rate3,88% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate59,9%
Youth unemployment rate66,5%
No schooling aged 20+51,1%
Higher education aged 20+3,2%
Matric aged 20+10,9%
Number of households33,589
Average household size5,3
Female headed households50,9%
Formal dwellings39,6%
Housing owned/paying off40,4%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage9,5%
Weekly refuse removal6,3%
Piped water inside dwelling3,3%
Electricity for lighting11,8%