Nkomazi

Quick Fact

According to Census 2011, the total population is 393 030 and growth rate is 1,61%.

Quick Fact Image 1,61% Growth rate

The Nkomazi Local Municipality is located in the eastern part of the Ehlanzeni District Municipality of the Mpumalanga Province. The municipality is strategically placed between Swaziland (north of Swaziland) and Mozambique (east of Mozambique). It is linked with Swaziland by two provincial roads and with Mozambique by a railway line and the main national road (N4), which forms the Maputo Corridor.
The Nkomazi Municipality is bounded by the Mozambique to the east, Swaziland to the south, Kruger National Park to the north, Umjindi Local Municipality to the south west and Mbombela Local Municipality from the northwest to west. The main urban centres are Louw’s Creek; Kaapmuiden; Malelane, Hectorspruit, Marloth Park, Komatipoort, KaMhlushwa, Tonga and KaMaqhekeza.

Rank By:
14 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Matjhabeng , Free State 406,461 11
City of Matlosana , North West 398,676 12
Emalahleni , Mpumalanga 395,466 13
Nkomazi , Mpumalanga 393,030 14
Greater Tzaneen , Limpopo 390,095 15
Newcastle , KwaZulu-Natal 363,236 16
Mogale City , Gauteng 362,422 17
Quick Fact

25,6% of those 20+ have no schooling.

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According to Census 2011 the Nkomazi Local Municipality has a total population estimated at 393 030, of which  97,7% are black African, 1,6% are white, with other population groups making up the remaining 0,4%.
 
Of those aged 20 years and older 4,6% have completed primary school, 25,6% have some secondary education, 25,6% have completed matric, 6,7% have some form of higher education.
Group Percentage
Black African97,7%
Coloured0,2%
Indian/Asian0,3%
White1,6%
Other0,1%
Age Males Females
0-4 6,2% 6,3%
5-9 5,5% 5,6%
10-14 5,9% 5,9%
15-19 6,2% 6,2%
20-24 5,5% 5,8%
25-29 4,5% 5%
30-34 3,2% 3,7%
35-39 2,5% 3,1%
40-44 1,9% 2,6%
45-49 1,6% 1,6%
50-54 1,2% 1,5%
55-59 1% 1,3%
60-64 0,7% 1%
65-69 0,5% 0,7%
70-74 0,4% 0,7%
75-79 0,2% 0,5%
80-84 0,2% 0,4%
85+ 0,2% 0,3%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 1,4%
English 1,1%
IsiNdebele 0,1%
IsiXhosa 0,1%
IsiZulu 0,6%
Sepedi 0,1%
Sesotho 0,1%
Setswana 0,1%
Sign Language 0,1%
SiSwati 88%
Tshivenda 0,2%
Xitsonga 6,7%
Other 0.9%
Not Applicable 0,5%
Group Percentage
Married 12,2%
Living together like married partners 11,4%
Never married 72,9%
Widower/Widow 2,5%
Separated 0,7%
Divorced 0,2%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 4,6%
Some Primary 43,8%
Completed Primary 6,8%
Some Secondary 31,6%
Completed Secondary 11,7%
Higher Education 1,1%
Not Applicable 0,4%
Sex Percentage
Female 52,7%
Male 47,3%
Quick Fact

83,3% Use electricity for lighting.

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There are 96 202 households in the municipality with an average household size of 4,0 persons per household. 43,4% of households have access to piped water inside dwelling/institution and 31,3% have water in their yard.  Only 5,6% of households do not have access piped water.
 
Area Percentage
Urban 6,1%
Tribal/Traditional 87,4%
Farm 6,5%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 89,5% 10,5%
Computer 9,5% 90,5%
Television 66,7% 33,3%
Satellite Television 27,6% 72,4%
Radio 61,9% 38,1%
Landline / Telephone 2,5% 97,5%
Motor Car 16,7% 83,3%
Refrigerator 65,8% 34,2%
Electric / Gas-Stove 69,8% 30,2%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 64,4% 50,6% 83,3%
Gas 1,8% 1,3% 0,7%
Paraffin 2,5% 1,5% 1,2%
Solar 0,2% 0,3% 0,3%
Candles 0% 0% 14%
Wood 28,3% 10,6% 0%
Coal 2,5% 1,1% 0%
Animal Dung 0,1% 0,1% 0%
Other 0% 0% 0%
None 0,3% 34,4% 0,4%
Access Percentage
From Home 2,9%
From Cellphone 17,5%
From Work 1,5%
From Elsewhere 3%
No Access 75,1%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 10,3%
Owned and fully paid off 60,7%
Owned but not yet paid off 4,9%
Occupied rent free 19,2%
Other 4,8%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 58,4%
Borehole 8,6%
Spring 0,7%
Rain water tank 1,9%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 3,6%
River/Stream 8,7%
Water vendor 2,9%
Water tanker 6,9%
Other 8,4%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 15,5%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 7,6%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 3%
Chemical toilet 3,9%
Pit toilet with ventilation 25,8%
Pit toilet without ventilation 41,5%
Bucket toilet 0,5%
Other 2,3%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 20,2%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 1,2%
Communal refuse dump 3,6%
Own refuse dump 61,9%
No rubbish disposal 11,2%
Other 1,8%
Quick Fact

42,3% Youth unemployment rate.

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More than a third (34,2%) of the 110 469 economically active (employed or unemployed but looking for work) population in the municipality is unemployed.
Amongst the 64 497 economically active youth (15 – 34 years) in the area, 42,3% are unemployed.
Employment Status Number
Employed 72588
Unemployed 37881
Discouraged Work Seeker 17651
Not Economically Active 109557
Income Percentage
None income 16,8%
R1 - R4,800 7%
R4,801 - R9,600 12,7%
R9,601 - R19,600 23%
R19,601 - R38,200 19,8%
R38,201 - R76,4000 9,4%
R76,401 - R153,800 5,6%
R153,801 - R307,600 3,5%
R307,601 - R614,400 1,5%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,3%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,1%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 5,779
Poultry production 13,977
Vegetable production 11,402
Production of other crops 7,029
Other 3,558

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 10,460
Animals only 11,533
Mixed farming 5,179
Other 831

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 10,102
R1-R4 800 1,569
R4 801-R38 400 12,718
R38 401-R307 200 2,710
R307 201+ 173
Unspecified 732

Key Statistics 2011

Total population393,030
Young (0-14)35,4%
Working Age (15-64)60,5%
Elderly (65+)4,1%
Dependency ratio65,4
Sex ratio89,9
Population growth rate1,61% (2001-2011)
Population density82 persons/km2
Unemployment rate34,2%
Youth unemployment rate42,3%
No schooling aged 20+25,6%
Higher education aged 20+6,7%
Matric aged 20+25,6%
Number of households96,202
Number of Agricultural households28,004
Average household size4,1
Female headed households45,6%
Formal dwellings92,5%
Housing owned/paying off65,6%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage7,7%
Weekly refuse removal20,3%
Piped water inside dwelling21%
Electricity for lighting83,3%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population334,668
Young (0-14)40,8%
Working Age (15-64)60,5%
Elderly (65+)4,1%
Dependency ratio81,2
Sex ratio89,3
Population growth rate3,72% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate41,4%
Youth unemployment rate48%
No schooling aged 20+44,4%
Higher education aged 20+4,2%
Matric aged 20+13,6%
Number of households71,840
Average household size4,5
Female headed households46%
Formal dwellings76,6%
Housing owned/paying off52,3%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage9,3%
Weekly refuse removal11%
Piped water inside dwelling6,5%
Electricity for lighting47,6%