Nongoma

Quick Fact

Nongoma has a total population of 194 908.

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Nongoma, set in beautiful, picturesque Zululand, is located to the north of KwaZulu-Natal. Nongoma Local Municipality is Zululand’s second largest municipality in terms of population, and the second largest in terms of area. Nongoma is the Royal City of Zululand.

It is the home of King Goodwill Zwelethini, and the hereditary leader of the nation and his royal palaces are among the main tourist attractions in the town. The royal family is highly respected and has a dominating presence in this rural and very traditional part of Zululand.

Nongoma Town is mainly a service-oriented centre resulting from its being the seat of the Nongoma Local Municipality and centrally located with regard to surrounding rural/farming communities. The radial network of roads all converging in Nongoma Local Municipality bears testimony in this regard.

Rank By:
47 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Abaqulusi , KwaZulu-Natal 211,060 44
Matatiele , Eastern Cape 203,843 45
Merafong City , Gauteng 197,520 46
Nongoma , KwaZulu-Natal 194,908 47
George , Western Cape 193,672 48
Umzimvubu , Eastern Cape 191,620 49
Lukhanji , Eastern Cape 190,723 50
Quick Fact

20,5% of those aged 20 years and older have no form of schooling.

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According to the 2011census, Nongoma Local Municipality has a total population of 194 908. 99,5% of the people in the municipality are African Black, 0,1% are Coloured, with the other population groups making up the rest.

Of those aged 20 years and older, 4,2% have completed primary school, 25,3% have some secondary education, 27,8% have completed matric and 4,8% have some form of higher education.

Group Percentage
Black African99,5%
Coloured0,1%
Indian/Asian0,2%
White0,1%
Other0,1%
Age Males Females
0-4 7,6% 7,5%
5-9 6,6% 6,6%
10-14 7% 6,7%
15-19 7% 6,9%
20-24 4,3% 5,5%
25-29 2,8% 4,2%
30-34 1,8% 2,8%
35-39 1,5% 2,2%
40-44 1,2% 2%
45-49 1,1% 1,1%
50-54 1,1% 1,7%
55-59 1% 1,6%
60-64 0,9% 1,4%
65-69 0,5% 0,9%
70-74 0,4% 0,9%
75-79 0,2% 0,7%
80-84 0,2% 0,5%
85+ 0,1% 0,4%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 0,2%
English 0,9%
IsiNdebele 1%
IsiXhosa 0,1%
IsiZulu 95,7%
Sepedi 0,1%
Sesotho 0,1%
Setswana 0,4%
Sign Language 0,3%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0%
Other 0.2%
Not Applicable 0,9%
Group Percentage
Married 13,7%
Living together like married partners 2,3%
Never married 80,2%
Widower/Widow 3,3%
Separated 0,4%
Divorced 0,1%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3,1%
Some Primary 46,5%
Completed Primary 6,2%
Some Secondary 29,7%
Completed Secondary 12,6%
Higher Education 0,6%
Not Applicable 1,2%
Sex Percentage
Female 54,6%
Male 45,4%
Quick Fact

63,6% household access to electricity for lighting.

Quick Fact Image

The average household size for Nongoma local municipality is 5,5 with 64,6% of the households living in formal dwellings. About 9,6% of the households had access to piped water inside dwelling, while a mere 4,5% had access to a flush toilet connected to sewerage.

Area Percentage
Urban 3,9%
Tribal/Traditional 96,1%
Farm 0%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 86,2% 13,8%
Computer 4% 96%
Television 52,2% 47,8%
Satellite Television 5,7% 94,3%
Radio 66,2% 33,8%
Landline / Telephone 2,4% 97,6%
Motor Car 11,9% 88,1%
Refrigerator 53,3% 46,7%
Electric / Gas-Stove 56% 44%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 46,3% 31,3% 63,6%
Gas 7,8% 2,4% 0,4%
Paraffin 4,1% 1,5% 0,5%
Solar 0,2% 0,2% 0,7%
Candles 0% 0% 34,1%
Wood 39,1% 51,4% 0%
Coal 1,9% 3% 0%
Animal Dung 0,2% 0,4% 0%
Other 0,2% 0% 0%
None 0,2% 9,9% 0,6%
Access Percentage
From Home 1,8%
From Cellphone 22,7%
From Work 1,3%
From Elsewhere 5,1%
No Access 69,2%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 8,1%
Owned and fully paid off 49,3%
Owned but not yet paid off 13,6%
Occupied rent free 26,8%
Other 2,4%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 24,2%
Borehole 13,6%
Spring 6,2%
Rain water tank 2,5%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 10,5%
River/Stream 35,8%
Water vendor 1,1%
Water tanker 3,2%
Other 2,9%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 29,1%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 4,5%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 1,6%
Chemical toilet 9,6%
Pit toilet with ventilation 19,5%
Pit toilet without ventilation 28,3%
Bucket toilet 2%
Other 5,4%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 4,3%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 0,8%
Communal refuse dump 1%
Own refuse dump 75,3%
No rubbish disposal 17%
Other 1,6%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 4,3%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 0,8%
Communal refuse dump 1%
Own refuse dump 75,3%
No rubbish disposal 17%
Other 1,6%
Quick Fact

49,3% Unemployment rate.

Quick Fact Image

Nongoma is a potential tourist destination. The town offers the best mix of eco-attractions as a holiday destination with a rich diversity and scenic nature trails, historic heritage and a unique moderate climate.

Family members of the Zulu king play an important part in encouraging tourists to visit Nongoma and are often willing to appear at dinners to chat informally to guests about the Zulu Royal House and the traditions of its people.

Employment Status Number
Employed 12838
Unemployed 12469
Discouraged Work Seeker 14456
Not Economically Active 63910
Income Percentage
None income 10,5%
R1 - R4,800 6%
R4,801 - R9,600 11,8%
R9,601 - R19,600 23,2%
R19,601 - R38,200 27%
R38,201 - R76,4000 11,5%
R76,401 - R153,800 5,6%
R153,801 - R307,600 2,8%
R307,601 - R614,400 1,1%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,2%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,1%
R2,457,601+ 0,2%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 11,715
Poultry production 11,822
Vegetable production 5,889
Production of other crops 1,267
Other 802

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 0
Animals only 12,246
Mixed farming 4,659
Other 232

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 5,679
R1-R4 800 1,428
R4 801-R38 400 10,529
R38 401-R307 200 994
R307 201+ 70
Unspecified 409

Place names

Places in Nongoma Municipality

Key Statistics 2011

Total population194,908
Young (0-14)42%
Working Age (15-64)53,2%
Elderly (65+)4,8%
Dependency ratio88
Sex ratio83,2
Growth rate-0,18% (2001-2011)
Population density89 persons/km2
Unemployment rate49,3%
Youth unemployment rate59,9%
No schooling aged 20+20,5%
Higher education aged 20+4,8%
Matric aged 20+27,8%
Number of households34,341
Number of Agricultural households19,109
Average household size5,5
Female headed households60,5%
Formal dwellings64,6%
Housing owned/paying off62,8%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage4,5%
Weekly refuse removal4,3%
Piped water inside dwelling9,6%
Electricity for lighting63,6%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population198,443
Young (0-14)46,1%
Working Age (15-64)53,2%
Elderly (65+)4,9%
Dependency ratio103,8%
Sex ratio80,2
Growth rate0,98% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate71,7%
Youth unemployment rate79,5%
No schooling aged 20+45,3%
Higher education aged 20+3,4%
Matric aged 20+10,3%
Number of households31,581
Average household size6,1
Female headed households60,5%
Formal dwellings37,3%
Housing owned/paying off69,9%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage6%
Weekly refuse removal4%
Piped water inside dwelling2,2%
Electricity for lighting25,5%