Elundini

Quick Fact

According to Census 2011, the municipality has a total population of 138 141 individuals, 98,1% of whom are black African.

Quick Fact Image 0,05% Growth Rate

Elundini Local Municipality is located in Joe Gqabi District Municipality in the Eastern Cape, between the Maluti and the Drakensberg mountains. Mount Fletcher, Ugie and Maclear are the three dominant towns within this largely agricultural area.
Source: (www.elundini.org.za)

Rank By:
79 ranking by population size
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Metsimaholo , Free State 149,108 76
Intsika Yethu , Eastern Cape 145,372 77
Ndwedwe , KwaZulu-Natal 140,820 78
Elundini , Eastern Cape 138,141 79
Mandeni , KwaZulu-Natal 138,078 80
Senqu , Eastern Cape 134,150 81
Okhahlamba , KwaZulu-Natal 132,068 82
Quick Fact

15,9% of those aged 20 years and older have no form of schooling.

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According to Census 2011, the municipality has a total population of 138 141 individuals, 98,1% of whom are black African. Coloureds make up 1% of the population, and other race groups comprise the remaining 0,9%.

Of those aged 20 years and older, 7,7% have completed primary school, 33% have some secondary education, 11,8% have completed matric, and 5,2% have some form of higher education.

Group Percentage
Black African98,1%
Coloured1%
Indian/Asian0,1%
White0,7%
Other0,1%
Age Males Females
0-4 5,9% 5,8%
5-9 5,9% 5,7%
10-14 6,4% 5,7%
15-19 6,5% 5,9%
20-24 4,7% 4,2%
25-29 3,2% 3,1%
30-34 2,3% 2,5%
35-39 2% 2,5%
40-44 1,6% 2,5%
45-49 1,5% 1,5%
50-54 1,5% 2,6%
55-59 1,5% 2,3%
60-64 1,4% 2%
65-69 1% 1,5%
70-74 0,8% 1,4%
75-79 0,6% 1,2%
80-84 0,3% 0,8%
85+ 0,2% 0,5%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 1,7%
English 1,6%
IsiNdebele 0,2%
IsiXhosa 69,6%
IsiZulu 0,3%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 24,7%
Setswana 0,1%
Sign Language 0,7%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0,1%
Xitsonga 0%
Other 0.3%
Not Applicable 0,7%
Group Percentage
Married 21%
Living together like married partners 2,4%
Never married 68,5%
Widower/Widow 6,7%
Separated 1%
Divorced 0,5%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 2,9%
Some Primary 52,3%
Completed Primary 7,7%
Some Secondary 30,5%
Completed Secondary 5,5%
Higher Education 0,4%
Not Applicable 0,7%
Sex Percentage
Female 52,6%
Male 47,4%
Quick Fact

46,3% Use electricity for lighting

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There are 37 854 households in the municipality, with an average household size of 3,5 persons per household. Just over half of all households (52,1%) are headed by females.

46,3% of households have access to electricity. Only 10,4% of all households have access to piped water that is accessible from within the dwelling.

Area Percentage
Urban 26,7%
Tribal/Traditional 71,4%
Farm 2%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 77,8% 22,2%
Computer 3,4% 96,6%
Television 38,1% 61,9%
Satellite Television 8,8% 91,2%
Radio 56,3% 43,7%
Landline / Telephone 2% 98%
Motor Car 9,1% 90,9%
Refrigerator 29,3% 70,7%
Electric / Gas-Stove 47,2% 52,8%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 34,9% 13,1% 46,3%
Gas 8% 1,8% 0,4%
Paraffin 18,7% 25,8% 11,3%
Solar 0,1% 0,1% 6,9%
Candles 0% 0% 34,7%
Wood 36% 51,7% 0%
Coal 0,2% 0,4% 0%
Animal Dung 1,8% 1,4% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,2% 5,7% 0,4%
Access Percentage
From Home 1,7%
From Cellphone 9,7%
From Work 1%
From Elsewhere 1,5%
No Access 86,1%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 9%
Owned and fully paid off 57,1%
Owned but not yet paid off 4,8%
Occupied rent free 20%
Other 9%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 29,6%
Borehole 15,6%
Spring 12,8%
Rain water tank 4,2%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 6,5%
River/Stream 18,7%
Water vendor 2,2%
Water tanker 8%
Other 2,4%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 22,8%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 8%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 3,3%
Chemical toilet 2,8%
Pit toilet with ventilation 24,4%
Pit toilet without ventilation 33,3%
Bucket toilet 0,7%
Other 4,7%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 12,3%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 1,4%
Communal refuse dump 1,6%
Own refuse dump 64,5%
No rubbish disposal 18,6%
Other 1,5%
Quick Fact

44,4% are Unemployment Rate

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There are 25 530 economically active (employed or unemployed but looking for work) individuals within the municipality, 44,4% of whom are unemployed. Of the 13 104 economically active youth aged 15–35 years, in the area, 52,8% are unemployed.

Employment Status Number
Employed 14207
Unemployed 11323
Discouraged Work Seeker 5305
Not Economically Active 47040
Income Percentage
None income 16,9%
R1 - R4,800 8,2%
R4,801 - R9,600 12,9%
R9,601 - R19,600 28,5%
R19,601 - R38,200 19,1%
R38,201 - R76,4000 6,6%
R76,401 - R153,800 4,4%
R153,801 - R307,600 2,3%
R307,601 - R614,400 0,9%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,1%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,1%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 13,066
Poultry production 10,226
Vegetable production 7,416
Production of other crops 4,077
Other 1,574

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 0
Animals only 10,200
Mixed farming 6,523
Other 210

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 5,060
R1-R4 800 1,579
R4 801-R38 400 11,572
R38 401-R307 200 917
R307 201+ 57
Unspecified 251

Place names

Places in Elundini Municipality

Key Statistics 2011

Total population138,141
Young (0-14)35,4%
Working Age (15-64)56,4%
Elderly (65+)8,3%
Dependency ratio77,4
Sex ratio90,1
Growth rate0,05% (2001-2011)
Population density27 persons/km2
Unemployment rate44,4%
Youth unemployment rate52,8%
No schooling aged 20+15,9%
Higher education aged 20+5,2%
Matric aged 20+11,8%
Number of households37,854
Number of Agricultural households19,436
Average household size3,5
Female headed households52,1%
Formal dwellings33%
Housing owned/paying off61,9%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage8%
Weekly refuse removal12,3%
Piped water inside dwelling10,4%
Electricity for lighting46,3%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population137,394
Young (0-14)42%
Working Age (15-64)56,4%
Elderly (65+)7,7%
Dependency ratio98,8%
Sex ratio84,9
Growth rate0,37% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate63,7%
Youth unemployment rate71%
No schooling aged 20+31,7%
Higher education aged 20+3,9%
Matric aged 20+6,4%
Number of households33,209
Average household size4,1
Female headed households56%
Formal dwellings40,1%
Housing owned/paying off55,9%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage3,1%
Weekly refuse removal10,3%
Piped water inside dwelling3,1%
Electricity for lighting11,4%