Umvoti

Quick Fact

1,11% population growth rate.

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Named after the Umvoti river (Wikipedia), the Umvoti Local Municipality is one of four municipalities in the Umzinyathi District Municipality, KwaZulu-Natal. The municipality is situated along the eastern boarder of Umzinyathi District, about 65 km from Dundee and approximately 70 km from Pietermaritzburg. It covers an area of 2 516 km² (Wikipedia) and is well served by provincial and regional roads, easily accessible from Pietermaritzburg, the coast, the Drakensberg, and the battlefields route. According to Census 2011, 53,5% of individuals in the municipality live in formal dwellings.

Rank By:
108 ranking by population size
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uMshwathi , KwaZulu-Natal 106,374 105
Kagisano Molopo , North West 105,789 106
Indaka , KwaZulu-Natal 103,116 107
Umvoti , KwaZulu-Natal 103,093 108
Dannhauser , KwaZulu-Natal 102,161 109
Ubuhlebezwe , KwaZulu-Natal 101,691 110
Ingwe , KwaZulu-Natal 100,548 111
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4,8% of those aged 20+ have had access to Higher education.

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94,6% of the 103 093 people in the municipality are black African, with the White and Coloured populations each contributing 2,2%. In terms of education, 26,6% of those aged 20 and above have had no schooling, while 1 in 4 individuals (25,3%) in this age group have some secondary education, 22,8% have completed matric, and 4,8% have some form of higher education.

Group Percentage
Black African94,6%
Coloured0,8%
Indian/Asian2,2%
White2,2%
Other0,2%
Age Males Females
0-4 6,3% 6,5%
5-9 5,6% 5,7%
10-14 5,9% 5,8%
15-19 5,8% 6,1%
20-24 4,2% 5,3%
25-29 3,3% 4,5%
30-34 2,5% 3,6%
35-39 2,1% 3,1%
40-44 1,8% 2,8%
45-49 1,6% 1,6%
50-54 1,3% 2,3%
55-59 1,2% 2%
60-64 1% 1,6%
65-69 0,6% 1,3%
70-74 0,4% 0,9%
75-79 0,2% 0,5%
80-84 0,1% 0,5%
85+ 0,1% 0,6%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 0,9%
English 4,9%
IsiNdebele 0,9%
IsiXhosa 0,2%
IsiZulu 89,1%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 0,2%
Setswana 0,4%
Sign Language 0,6%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0,1%
Other 0.5%
Not Applicable 2%
Group Percentage
Married 13,5%
Living together like married partners 6,8%
Never married 76,1%
Widower/Widow 3%
Separated 0,4%
Divorced 0,2%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 4,5%
Some Primary 45,6%
Completed Primary 6,2%
Some Secondary 30,3%
Completed Secondary 10,9%
Higher Education 0,5%
Not Applicable 2,1%
Sex Percentage
Female 55,8%
Male 44,2%
Quick Fact

58,3% Access to electricity for lighting.

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There are 27 282 households in Umvoti Local Municipality, with an average of 3,7 persons per household. Nearly 57,6% of households are headed by females, and the proportion of households residing in formal dwellings is 53,5%. In terms of service delivery, 20,2% of households have access to piped water within the dwelling, and 23,4% of households have a flush toilet that is connected to a sewerage system. 58,3% of households have access to electricity for lighting.

Area Percentage
Urban 20,2%
Tribal/Traditional 44,1%
Farm 35,6%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 77,9% 22,1%
Computer 7,1% 92,9%
Television 46,1% 53,9%
Satellite Television 8,7% 91,3%
Radio 61,2% 38,8%
Landline / Telephone 6,6% 93,4%
Motor Car 14,8% 85,2%
Refrigerator 40,5% 59,5%
Electric / Gas-Stove 47,4% 52,6%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 44,2% 37,3% 58,3%
Gas 4,3% 2,2% 0,4%
Paraffin 6,5% 2,3% 0,6%
Solar 0,1% 0,1% 0,3%
Candles 0% 0% 39,4%
Wood 44,2% 50,6% 0%
Coal 0,2% 0,8% 0%
Animal Dung 0% 0,1% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,2% 6,6% 0,9%
Access Percentage
From Home 3,1%
From Cellphone 14,7%
From Work 1,9%
From Elsewhere 2,3%
No Access 78%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 17,1%
Owned and fully paid off 50,8%
Owned but not yet paid off 7,9%
Occupied rent free 19,7%
Other 4,5%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 35,3%
Borehole 13,8%
Spring 6%
Rain water tank 1,7%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 6,9%
River/Stream 26,6%
Water vendor 1,9%
Water tanker 4,5%
Other 3,3%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 9,1%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 23,4%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 4,6%
Chemical toilet 12,3%
Pit toilet with ventilation 24,8%
Pit toilet without ventilation 21,4%
Bucket toilet 1%
Other 3,6%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 24,9%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 2,6%
Communal refuse dump 1,4%
Own refuse dump 52,7%
No rubbish disposal 16,8%
Other 1,6%
Quick Fact

38% Youth unemployment rate.

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30,4% of the 24 047 economically active individuals (i.e. those who are employed or unemployed but looking for work) are unemployed. Of the 13 160 economically active youth (15–34 years) in the municipality, 38,0% are unemployed.

Employment Status Number
Employed 16741
Unemployed 7306
Discouraged Work Seeker 4470
Not Economically Active 32216
Income Percentage
None income 12,3%
R1 - R4,800 6,3%
R4,801 - R9,600 10,8%
R9,601 - R19,600 27,5%
R19,601 - R38,200 23,5%
R38,201 - R76,4000 9,1%
R76,401 - R153,800 5,1%
R153,801 - R307,600 3,1%
R307,601 - R614,400 1,6%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,4%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,2%
R2,457,601+ 0,2%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 3,759
Poultry production 3,291
Vegetable production 3,602
Production of other crops 908
Other 680

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 2,581
Animals only 3,964
Mixed farming 1,560
Other 338

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 2,437
R1-R4 800 389
R4 801-R38 400 4,750
R38 401-R307 200 538
R307 201+ 116
Unspecified 214

Key Statistics 2011

Total population103,093
Young (0-14)35,8%
Working Age (15-64)58,9%
Elderly (65+)5,3%
Dependency ratio69,7
Sex ratio79,3
Population growth rate1,11% (2001-2011)
Population density41 persons/km2
Unemployment rate30,4%
Youth unemployment rate38%
No schooling aged 20+26,6%
Higher education aged 20+4,8%
Matric aged 20+22,8%
Number of households27,282
Number of Agricultural households8,444
Average household size3,7
Female headed households57,6%
Formal dwellings53,5%
Housing owned/paying off58,7%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage23,4%
Weekly refuse removal24,9%
Piped water inside dwelling20,2%
Electricity for lighting58,3%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population92,294
Young (0-14)38,7%
Working Age (15-64)58,9%
Elderly (65+)5,3%
Dependency ratio78,3
Sex ratio79,1
Population growth rate0,45% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate40,7%
Youth unemployment rate48%
No schooling aged 20+38%
Higher education aged 20+5,2%
Matric aged 20+11,7%
Number of households19,669
Average household size4
Female headed households57,8%
Formal dwellings42,1%
Housing owned/paying off36,5%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage28,1%
Weekly refuse removal25%
Piped water inside dwelling15,5%
Electricity for lighting36,8%