Lukhanji

Quick Fact

According to Census 2011, the Lukhanji Local Municipality has a total population estimated at 190 723.

Quick Fact Image 0,48% Growth rate

Lukhanji is a category B municipality situated within the Chris Hani District of the Eastern Cape. It is made up of a combination of the greater Queenstown and surrounding farms and villages, Ilinge, Hewu/Whittlesea and Ntabethemba. Lukhanji is landlocked by the municipalities of Tsolwana and Inkwanca to the west, Emalahleni and Intsika Yethu to the north, and Amahlathi to the east. Lukhanji occupies a strategic geographic position within the Chris Hani District Municipality and covers approximately 4 231 km².

Rank By:
50 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Nongoma , KwaZulu-Natal 194,908 47
George , Western Cape 193,672 48
Umzimvubu , Eastern Cape 191,620 49
Lukhanji , Eastern Cape 190,723 50
Ulundi , KwaZulu-Natal 188,317 51
Mhlontlo , Eastern Cape 188,226 52
Moretele , North West 186,947 53
Quick Fact

7,8% have no form of schooling.

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According to Census 2011, the Lukhanji Local Municipality has a total population estimated at 190 723. Of the population, 92,6% are black African, 3,8% are coloured, 2,7% are white, with other population groups making up the remaining 0,9%.

Of those 20 years and older, 5,9% have completed primary school, 35,8% have some secondary education, 22,2% have completed matric, and 11,4% have some form of higher education.

85,4% of the population has isiXhosa as their first language, followed by Afrikaans at 5,4% and English at 4,4%. 4,8% of the population speaks other languages.

Group Percentage
Black African92,6%
Coloured3,8%
Indian/Asian0,5%
White2,7%
Other0,4%
Age Males Females
0-4 5,4% 5,4%
5-9 5,3% 5,2%
10-14 4,8% 4,4%
15-19 5,3% 5,1%
20-24 4,8% 4,7%
25-29 4% 4%
30-34 3% 3,2%
35-39 2,7% 3,1%
40-44 2,4% 3%
45-49 2,2% 2,2%
50-54 2,1% 2,8%
55-59 1,7% 2,3%
60-64 1,4% 1,8%
65-69 0,9% 1,2%
70-74 0,8% 1,3%
75-79 0,4% 0,8%
80-84 0,3% 0,5%
85+ 0,2% 0,5%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 5,4%
English 4,4%
IsiNdebele 0,3%
IsiXhosa 85,4%
IsiZulu 0,3%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 0,5%
Setswana 0,2%
Sign Language 0,6%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0,1%
Other 0.9%
Not Applicable 1,6%
Group Percentage
Married 20,5%
Living together like married partners 3,4%
Never married 70%
Widower/Widow 4,5%
Separated 0,8%
Divorced 0,9%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 2,1%
Some Primary 45,6%
Completed Primary 6,2%
Some Secondary 32,6%
Completed Secondary 10,5%
Higher Education 1,7%
Not Applicable 1,4%
Sex Percentage
Female 52,5%
Male 47,5%
Quick Fact

90,9% of households have access to electricity for lighting.

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There are 51 173 households in the municipality, with an average household size of 3,5 persons per household. Of the households, 49,9% have access to piped water inside the dwelling/institution and 23,2% have water in their yard. Only 2,6% of households do not have access to piped water.

Area Percentage
Urban 72,6%
Tribal/Traditional 24,2%
Farm 3,2%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 83,9% 16,1%
Computer 12% 88%
Television 78,6% 21,4%
Satellite Television 22,6% 77,4%
Radio 68,9% 31,1%
Landline / Telephone 9,6% 90,4%
Motor Car 21,9% 78,1%
Refrigerator 71,8% 28,2%
Electric / Gas-Stove 84,5% 15,5%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 83,4% 28,7% 90,9%
Gas 2,2% 2,5% 0,1%
Paraffin 9,4% 48% 5%
Solar 0,2% 0,1% 0,2%
Candles 0% 0% 3,6%
Wood 4,1% 14,1% 0%
Coal 0,1% 0,6% 0%
Animal Dung 0,2% 0,2% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,2% 5,8% 0,1%
Access Percentage
From Home 5%
From Cellphone 14,9%
From Work 3,3%
From Elsewhere 7,5%
No Access 69,3%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 17,2%
Owned and fully paid off 50,3%
Owned but not yet paid off 9,5%
Occupied rent free 18,1%
Other 4,9%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 84%
Borehole 5,9%
Spring 0,6%
Rain water tank 1,5%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 2,7%
River/Stream 1,5%
Water vendor 0,6%
Water tanker 1,8%
Other 1,4%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 6%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 64,9%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 2,7%
Chemical toilet 2,8%
Pit toilet with ventilation 9,3%
Pit toilet without ventilation 11,4%
Bucket toilet 0,2%
Other 2,8%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 57,6%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 0,9%
Communal refuse dump 0,9%
Own refuse dump 33,8%
No rubbish disposal 4,7%
Other 2,1%
Quick Fact

36,8% unemployment rate

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There are 33 651 employed persons in the municipality; the unemployment rate is estimated at 36,8%, which does not include the 10 066 discouraged work-seekers who have given up looking for work. Amongst the youth (15–35 years) in the area, 13 342 are employed. The youth unemployment rate is estimated at 47,3%, which does include 5 861 persons who fall within the discouraged work-seeker group.

Employment Status Number
Employed 33651
Unemployed 19612
Discouraged Work Seeker 10066
Not Economically Active 55991
Income Percentage
None income 14,3%
R1 - R4,800 5,4%
R4,801 - R9,600 8,4%
R9,601 - R19,600 21,9%
R19,601 - R38,200 21,3%
R38,201 - R76,4000 10,8%
R76,401 - R153,800 7,8%
R153,801 - R307,600 6%
R307,601 - R614,400 3,1%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,7%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,2%
R2,457,601+ 0,2%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 7,111
Poultry production 4,791
Vegetable production 6,944
Production of other crops 3,145
Other 1,281

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 0
Animals only 6,376
Mixed farming 2,702
Other 352

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 4,068
R1-R4 800 515
R4 801-R38 400 8,604
R38 401-R307 200 1,620
R307 201+ 129
Unspecified 195

Place names

Places in Lukhanji Municipality

Key Statistics 2011

Total population190,723
Young (0-14)30,5%
Working Age (15-64)62,6%
Elderly (65+)6,9%
Dependency ratio59,8
Sex ratio90,5
Growth rate0,48% (2001-2011)
Population density50 persons/km2
Unemployment rate36,8%
Youth unemployment rate47,3%
No schooling aged 20+7,8%
Higher education aged 20+11,4%
Matric aged 20+22,1%
Number of households51,173
Number of Agricultural households15,132
Average household size3,5
Female headed households48,6%
Formal dwellings88,4%
Housing owned/paying off59,8%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage64,9%
Weekly refuse removal57,6%
Piped water inside dwelling49,9%
Electricity for lighting90,9%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population181,799
Young (0-14)33,1%
Working Age (15-64)62,6%
Elderly (65+)6,5%
Dependency ratio65,4%
Sex ratio87,3
Growth rate0,61% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate55,9%
Youth unemployment rate68%
No schooling aged 20+18,3%
Higher education aged 20+8,5%
Matric aged 20+15,3%
Number of households43,580
Average household size4,1
Female headed households49,6%
Formal dwellings77,1%
Housing owned/paying off55,8%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage49,4%
Weekly refuse removal52,4%
Piped water inside dwelling31,8%
Electricity for lighting73,4%