Imbabazane

Quick Fact

Imbabazane Local Municipality has a total population of 113 073 people.

Quick Fact Image -0,65% Growth rate

Imbabazane Local Municipality is located at the foothills of the Central Ukhahlamba Drakensberg Park (World Heritage Site), and is situated between Okhahlamba, Umtshezi and Mooi-Mpofana Municipalities. The majority of the population of Imbabazane Municipality resides in rural villages scattered throughout the municipal area, particularly in traditional authority areas.

Estcourt is the closest urban centre to Imbabazane, and serves as a regional shopping and service centre offering specialist services including medical, education and manufacturing.

Many of the government departments serving Imbabazane have regional offices located in Estcourt. Ladysmith is the main regional shopping and services centre and boasts a healthy industrial centre that continues to expand. Estcourt and Ladysmith are the main employment centres for Imbabazane.

Imbabazane does not have a well-defined settlement pattern, which along with poor municipal capacity has inhibited service delivery.

(Source: www.localgovernment.co.za)

Rank By:
99 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Lekwa , Mpumalanga 115,662 96
Nkandla , KwaZulu-Natal 114,416 97
Swartland , Western Cape 113,762 98
Imbabazane , KwaZulu-Natal 113,073 99
Setsoto , Free State 112,597 100
Westonaria , Gauteng 111,767 101
Theewaterskloof , Western Cape 108,790 102
Quick Fact

15,5% of those aged 20+ have no form of schooling.

Quick Fact Image

Of the 113 073 people in the municipality, 99,5% are black African. Of those aged 20 years and older, 32,1% have some secondary education, 26,2% have completed matric and 3,4% have some form of higher education. Of this group, 15,5% have no form of schooling. The municipality dependency ratio is 72.

Group Percentage
Black African99,5%
Coloured0,1%
Indian/Asian0,1%
White0,2%
Other0,1%
Age Males Females
0-4 7% 6,7%
5-9 6,1% 6%
10-14 5,9% 5,8%
15-19 6,1% 6,2%
20-24 4,7% 5%
25-29 3,8% 4,4%
30-34 2,6% 3,2%
35-39 2,2% 2,6%
40-44 1,7% 2,2%
45-49 1,6% 1,6%
50-54 1,4% 2%
55-59 1,3% 1,8%
60-64 1,1% 1,8%
65-69 0,5% 1%
70-74 0,4% 0,9%
75-79 0,2% 0,5%
80-84 0,1% 0,5%
85+ 0,1% 0,4%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 0,3%
English 1,5%
IsiNdebele 1,2%
IsiXhosa 0,1%
IsiZulu 95%
Sepedi 0,3%
Sesotho 0,1%
Setswana 0,7%
Sign Language 0,3%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0%
Other 0.1%
Not Applicable 0,4%
Group Percentage
Married 16%
Living together like married partners 4,1%
Never married 76,5%
Widower/Widow 3%
Separated 0,3%
Divorced 0,1%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 2,4%
Some Primary 45,6%
Completed Primary 5,8%
Some Secondary 31,9%
Completed Secondary 13,3%
Higher Education 0,7%
Not Applicable 0,3%
Sex Percentage
Female 53,3%
Male 46,7%
Quick Fact

Of the households in the municipality, 69,2% have access to electricity for lighting.

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There are 19 252 households in the municipality, with an average household size of 4,2 persons per household.

One in four households (25,5%) do not have access to piped water. Most households (36,4%) access piped water on a community stand less than 200 m from the dwelling; 10% have access to piped water in the yard and 3,9% have access to piped water in the dwelling.

Area Percentage
Urban 4,5%
Tribal/Traditional 85,2%
Farm 10,3%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 85,2% 14,8%
Computer 3,6% 96,4%
Television 57,8% 42,2%
Satellite Television 7,1% 92,9%
Radio 63,6% 36,4%
Landline / Telephone 3% 97%
Motor Car 13,7% 86,3%
Refrigerator 50,5% 49,5%
Electric / Gas-Stove 49,5% 50,5%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 35% 22,4% 69,2%
Gas 3,8% 1,7% 0,8%
Paraffin 9,7% 6,7% 0,6%
Solar 0,2% 0,2% 0,3%
Candles 0% 0% 28,4%
Wood 49,7% 58,6% 0%
Coal 0,3% 0,4% 0%
Animal Dung 0,9% 1,1% 0%
Other 0,2% 0,1% 0%
None 0,3% 8,8% 0,6%
Access Percentage
From Home 2,4%
From Cellphone 20,1%
From Work 1,1%
From Elsewhere 3,9%
No Access 72,5%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 1,7%
Owned and fully paid off 56,6%
Owned but not yet paid off 7,7%
Occupied rent free 29,9%
Other 4,2%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 25,9%
Borehole 33,3%
Spring 9,2%
Rain water tank 1,5%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 3,5%
River/Stream 9,5%
Water vendor 3,8%
Water tanker 6,8%
Other 6,4%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 2,9%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 1,1%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 0,9%
Chemical toilet 4,4%
Pit toilet with ventilation 45,1%
Pit toilet without ventilation 42%
Bucket toilet 1,5%
Other 2,1%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 0,9%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 1,2%
Communal refuse dump 1,9%
Own refuse dump 86,6%
No rubbish disposal 8%
Other 1,4%
Quick Fact

48,6% Unemployment rate.

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Imbabazane is similar to the Indaka Local Municipality to the south in that it has no formal towns or industrial activities. In addition, both local municipalities include large poorly serviced tribal areas where major capital expenditure is required to achieve improvement in the quality of life of the people (Source: www.localgovernment.co.za).

Of the 20 757 economically active (employed or unemployed but looking for work) people in the municipality, 48,6% are unemployed.

Of the 11 948 economically active youth (15–35 years) in the area, 56,6% are unemployed.

Employment Status Number
Employed 10673
Unemployed 10084
Discouraged Work Seeker 6454
Not Economically Active 38272
Income Percentage
None income 16,9%
R1 - R4,800 6,7%
R4,801 - R9,600 13,6%
R9,601 - R19,600 23,5%
R19,601 - R38,200 22,3%
R38,201 - R76,4000 9,5%
R76,401 - R153,800 3,9%
R153,801 - R307,600 2,1%
R307,601 - R614,400 1,1%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,2%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,2%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 4,556
Poultry production 6,574
Vegetable production 6,291
Production of other crops 3,751
Other 567

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 3,543
Animals only 4,554
Mixed farming 4,359
Other 197

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 4,738
R1-R4 800 586
R4 801-R38 400 6,278
R38 401-R307 200 630
R307 201+ 72
Unspecified 349

Key Statistics 2011

Total population113,073
Young (0-14)37,5%
Working Age (15-64)57,9%
Elderly (65+)4,6%
Dependency ratio72,7
Sex ratio87,7
Population growth rate-0,65% (2001-2011)
Population density79 persons/km2
Unemployment rate48,6%
Youth unemployment rate58,6%
No schooling aged 20+15,5%
Higher education aged 20+3,4%
Matric aged 20+26,1%
Number of households22,365
Number of Agricultural households12,653
Average household size5
Female headed households53,8%
Formal dwellings58,5%
Housing owned/paying off64,3%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage1,1%
Weekly refuse removal0,9%
Piped water inside dwelling3,9%
Electricity for lighting69,2%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population120,622
Young (0-14)40,7%
Working Age (15-64)57,9%
Elderly (65+)4,6%
Dependency ratio82,5
Sex ratio82
Population growth rate1,39% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate73,1%
Youth unemployment rate81,3%
No schooling aged 20+32,4%
Higher education aged 20+2,3%
Matric aged 20+12,4%
Number of households23,223
Average household size5,1
Female headed households58,8%
Formal dwellings46,3%
Housing owned/paying off48,4%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage2,2%
Weekly refuse removal1,2%
Piped water inside dwelling1,3%
Electricity for lighting64%