Mandeni

Quick Fact

Mandeni has a total population of 138 078.

Quick Fact Image 0,81% Growth rate

Mandeni Local Municipality (formerly eNdondakusuka Local Municipality) is an administrative area in the iLembe District of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa. Manufacturing, elementary work and plant and machine work are the highest non-farming categories of labour. Mandeni includes substantial areas of commercial agriculture, with the bulk of these areas under sugar-cane. Agriculture is the main employment sector in the area.

Tourism industry in Mandeni is also observable at the Tugela Mouth area. The history of the area cannot be divorced from the tourism potential. Great battles have been fought by the Zulus against the British in this area through the involvement of King Cetshwayo.

The area was one of the most important agricultural areas of the Kingdom of KwaZulu since the reigns of Kings Malandela, Jama, Senzangakhona, Shaka, Dingane and Mpande. During the reigns of Kings Shaka and Dingane, the eNdondakusuka area formed part of the area regarded as Prince Mpande’s sphere of influence. He had his house kwaMfemfeeGcotsheni in Ndulinde, which is where Prince Shingana was born and buried in 1911.

Rank By:
80 ranking by population size
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Intsika Yethu , Eastern Cape 145,372 77
Ndwedwe , KwaZulu-Natal 140,820 78
Elundini , Eastern Cape 138,141 79
Mandeni , KwaZulu-Natal 138,078 80
Senqu , Eastern Cape 134,150 81
Okhahlamba , KwaZulu-Natal 132,068 82
Aganang , Limpopo 131,164 83
Quick Fact

Mandeni has 10,2% of people aged 20+ who have no schooling.

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Mandeni Local Municipality functions as an important service centre for a substantial rural hinterland which lies to the west beyond the eNdulinde Hills.Mandeni Local Municipality is made out of 17 Wards. There are four Traditional Authorities namely, iNkosiuMhlongo, iNkosiuMathonsi, iNkosiuMcambi and NkosiuNgcobo. The majority of the land within the municipality is owned by Traditional Authorities.

Group Percentage
Black African96,7%
Coloured0,5%
Indian/Asian1,7%
White1%
Other0,1%
Age Males Females
0-4 6,4% 6,4%
5-9 5,3% 5,2%
10-14 5,2% 5%
15-19 5,6% 5,6%
20-24 5,4% 5,6%
25-29 4,6% 5,4%
30-34 3,4% 4%
35-39 2,9% 3,2%
40-44 2,1% 2,6%
45-49 1,8% 1,8%
50-54 1,4% 1,9%
55-59 1,2% 1,5%
60-64 0,9% 1,4%
65-69 0,5% 0,8%
70-74 0,3% 0,7%
75-79 0,2% 0,5%
80-84 0,1% 0,3%
85+ 0,1% 0,2%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 0,8%
English 4,6%
IsiNdebele 1,2%
IsiXhosa 0,9%
IsiZulu 89,6%
Sepedi 0,3%
Sesotho 0,2%
Setswana 0,5%
Sign Language 0,8%
SiSwati 0,1%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0,2%
Other 0.6%
Not Applicable 0,3%
Group Percentage
Married 14,7%
Living together like married partners 5,8%
Never married 76,7%
Widower/Widow 2,2%
Separated 0,5%
Divorced 0,2%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3,1%
Some Primary 42,6%
Completed Primary 6,3%
Some Secondary 32,4%
Completed Secondary 14,4%
Higher Education 0,8%
Not Applicable 0,4%
Sex Percentage
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Male Warning: Division by zero in /srv/www/htdocs/beta2.statssa.gov.za/wp-content/themes/umkhanyakude/functions/data_functions.php on line 495 0%
Quick Fact

82,5% Access to electricity for lighting.

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Through the Municipal Infrastructure Grant(MIG)the municipality has been able to continuously deliver on roads in various municipal wards as per the Council priorities. Roads infrastructure is one of the top three priorities within the municipal area together with water and electricity. Accordingly, the municipality has prioritised MIG and own expenditure on upgrading and establishment of roads. It has approximately 700km of municipal access roads under its jurisdiction. Approximately 15% of these roads are classified as urban tarred roads, whilst the remaining 85% are rural access roads.

Area Percentage
Urban 20,7%
Tribal/Traditional 77%
Farm 2,3%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 88,4% 11,6%
Computer 8,1% 91,9%
Television 61,9% 38,1%
Satellite Television 17,7% 82,3%
Radio 64,3% 35,7%
Landline / Telephone 5,7% 94,3%
Motor Car 13,4% 86,6%
Refrigerator 60,4% 39,6%
Electric / Gas-Stove 77,7% 22,3%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 77,7% 59,6% 82,5%
Gas 3,8% 2% 0,4%
Paraffin 4,4% 1,5% 0,5%
Solar 0,3% 0,3% 0,4%
Candles 0% 0% 15,6%
Wood 13,2% 12,1% 0%
Coal 0,3% 0,5% 0%
Animal Dung 0,1% 0,1% 0%
Other 0% 0% 0%
None 0,2% 23,8% 0,6%
Access Percentage
From Home 3,3%
From Cellphone 19,3%
From Work 2,1%
From Elsewhere 4,3%
No Access 71%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 33,3%
Owned and fully paid off 47,5%
Owned but not yet paid off 5,4%
Occupied rent free 11,7%
Other 2,1%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 61,4%
Borehole 8,2%
Spring 2%
Rain water tank 2,5%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 2,7%
River/Stream 10,9%
Water vendor 2,2%
Water tanker 4,5%
Other 5,5%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 3,7%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 26,4%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 3,2%
Chemical toilet 22,5%
Pit toilet with ventilation 15,8%
Pit toilet without ventilation 23,9%
Bucket toilet 1,2%
Other 3,4%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 27,5%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 1,7%
Communal refuse dump 3,5%
Own refuse dump 60,5%
No rubbish disposal 5%
Other 1,9%
Quick Fact

34,6% Youth unemployment rate.

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The manufacturing sector is the largest contributor (60,6%) to the Mandeni GDP. Over the last decade it grew by only 4,2%. Agriculture is the second largest contributor to the GDP, with 8,3%. This shows the stark comparison between the two activities. Wholesale and Retail is the third largest contributor to the GDP of the area at8%.

Employment Status Number
Employed 29645
Unemployed 11854
Discouraged Work Seeker 6845
Not Economically Active 38130
Income Percentage
None income 13,3%
R1 - R4,800 5,4%
R4,801 - R9,600 10,4%
R9,601 - R19,600 25,7%
R19,601 - R38,200 22,8%
R38,201 - R76,4000 11,5%
R76,401 - R153,800 5,6%
R153,801 - R307,600 3,2%
R307,601 - R614,400 1,6%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,2%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,1%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 2,149
Poultry production 3,537
Vegetable production 6,640
Production of other crops 2,013
Other 921

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 5,546
Animals only 2,740
Mixed farming 2,036
Other 238

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 2,533
R1-R4 800 597
R4 801-R38 400 6,142
R38 401-R307 200 965
R307 201+ 77
Unspecified 246

Key Statistics 2011

Total population138,078
Young (0-14)33,5%
Working Age (15-64)62,6%
Elderly (65+)3,9%
Dependency ratio59,7
Sex ratio89,8
Population growth rate0,81% (2001-2011)
Population density253 persons/km2
Unemployment rate28,6%
Youth unemployment rate34,6%
No schooling aged 20+10,2%
Higher education aged 20+5%
Matric aged 20+30,6%
Number of households38,235
Number of Agricultural households10,560
Average household size3,5
Female headed households48,6%
Formal dwellings58,7%
Housing owned/paying off52,9%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage26,4%
Weekly refuse removal27,5%
Piped water inside dwelling25,8%
Electricity for lighting82,5%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population127,327
Young (0-14)35,2%
Working Age (15-64)62,6%
Elderly (65+)3,6%
Dependency ratio63,5
Sex ratio87,2
Population growth rate3,47% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate45,1%
Youth unemployment rate51,5%
No schooling aged 20+19,3%
Higher education aged 20+3,6%
Matric aged 20+20,2%
Number of households28,657
Average household size4,1
Female headed households49,5%
Formal dwellings54%
Housing owned/paying off41,5%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage30,5%
Weekly refuse removal29,8%
Piped water inside dwelling21,2%
Electricity for lighting63,8%