Makhado

Quick Fact

Makhado has household population of 516,031.

Quick Fact Image 0,43% Growth Rate

Named after a 19th century vhaVenda king, Makhado, who ruled the area for many years, this is a fertile region where litchis, bananas, mangoes and nuts are produced. The national road (N1) runs through the town.

Makhado is situated in a highly fertile, rapidly growing agricultural area; the town has become one of Limpopo’s premier business and tourist destinations and is the perfect springboard from which to visit the Songozwi sacred burial site of the vhaVenda, as well as Makhado’s ‘office’, a secluded cave from where the chief conducted his campaign against the Voortrekkers.

The well-known town of Louis Trichardt is situated at the foot of the Soutpansberg mountain range in Limpopo and was developed from the Voortrekker settlement in the area. It was named after the leader Louis Trichardt, who moved away from British rule in the Cape and arrived here in 1836.

Rank By:
8 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Mbombela , Mpumalanga 588,794 5
Rustenburg , North West 549,575 6
Bushbuckridge , Mpumalanga 541,248 7
Makhado , Limpopo 516,031 8
Madibeng , North West 477,381 9
King Sabata Dalindyebo , Eastern Cape 451,710 10
Matjhabeng , Free State 406,461 11
Quick Fact

18,9% of those 20+ have no schooling.

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The majority of the people residing in the municipality speaks Tshivenda as their first language at 67,3%.

The population in Makhado Local Municipality is dominated by a younger generation, with 35,9% of people aged 15–34 years, followed by people aged 5–14 years (22,2%) and adults aged 36–64 years (also 22,2%).

The municipality still has more than 10% of people who have no schooling, and only 4,4% of its population have a tertiary qualification.

Group Percentage
Black African97,3%
Coloured0,2%
Indian/Asian0,4%
White2%
Other0,1%
Age Males Females
0-4 6,3% 6,2%
5-9 5,6% 5,5%
10-14 5,8% 5,4%
15-19 6,1% 5,8%
20-24 4,7% 4,7%
25-29 3,3% 4%
30-34 2,6% 3,5%
35-39 2,2% 3,2%
40-44 1,9% 2,8%
45-49 1,7% 1,7%
50-54 1,4% 2,3%
55-59 1,2% 1,8%
60-64 0,9% 1,3%
65-69 0,6% 1,2%
70-74 0,6% 1%
75-79 0,3% 1,1%
80-84 0,3% 0,9%
85+ 0,2% 0,8%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 2,2%
English 1,2%
IsiNdebele 0,2%
IsiXhosa 0,1%
IsiZulu 0,2%
Sepedi 2,6%
Sesotho 1,2%
Setswana 0,1%
Sign Language 0,1%
SiSwati 0,2%
Tshivenda 67,3%
Xitsonga 21,9%
Other 1.7%
Not Applicable 1,1%
Group Percentage
Married 19,2%
Living together like married partners 6,8%
Never married 66,8%
Widower/Widow 5,3%
Separated 1,2%
Divorced 0,6%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 2,3%
Some Primary 43,8%
Completed Primary 6,6%
Some Secondary 37%
Completed Secondary 8,4%
Higher Education 1,3%
Not Applicable 0,5%
Sex Percentage
Female 54,1%
Male 45,9%
Quick Fact

89,4% Use electricity for lighting.

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There are 134 889 households in Makhado Local Municipality with an average of 3,8 persons per household. The majority of these households (91%) live in house or brick/concrete block structures, followed by those who live in traditional dwellings (5%). The majority of households in the district (87%) have access to piped water, although they still face serious challenges of water supply, and 89% of the households have access to electricity. This shows a significant improvement in terms of people’s living conditions.

Area Percentage
Urban 8,3%
Tribal/Traditional 88,3%
Farm 3,4%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 89,7% 10,3%
Computer 12,6% 87,4%
Television 73,9% 26,1%
Satellite Television 26,4% 73,6%
Radio 67% 33%
Landline / Telephone 3,4% 96,6%
Motor Car 17,9% 82,1%
Refrigerator 70,4% 29,6%
Electric / Gas-Stove 63,5% 36,5%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 35,7% 39,5% 89,4%
Gas 1,8% 0,8% 0,2%
Paraffin 1,4% 1% 1%
Solar 0,1% 0,1% 0,4%
Candles 0% 0% 8,7%
Wood 60,7% 47,6% 0%
Coal 0,1% 0,1% 0%
Animal Dung 0% 0,1% 0%
Other 0% 0% 0%
None 0,2% 10,8% 0,3%
Access Percentage
From Home 2,6%
From Cellphone 14,2%
From Work 1,5%
From Elsewhere 3,6%
No Access 78,1%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 7,7%
Owned and fully paid off 57,9%
Owned but not yet paid off 4,3%
Occupied rent free 28,6%
Other 1,6%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 58,8%
Borehole 17,2%
Spring 2,7%
Rain water tank 0,4%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 6,4%
River/Stream 3%
Water vendor 6,8%
Water tanker 2%
Other 2,7%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 6,7%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 12,1%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 1,7%
Chemical toilet 0,8%
Pit toilet with ventilation 21,7%
Pit toilet without ventilation 55,7%
Bucket toilet 0,6%
Other 0,9%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 9,5%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 0,6%
Communal refuse dump 1,2%
Own refuse dump 78,4%
No rubbish disposal 9,3%
Other 1%
Quick Fact

49,6% Youth unemployment rate.

Quick Fact Image

The municipality’s economic growth potential is in agriculture and ecotourism. Most of the people derive their livelihood through agricultural pursuits. The main occupation sector is agriculture (commercial and subsistence farming).

With the unemployment at 36,7%, there is a great dependency on pension and social grants.

Employment Status Number
Employed 78768
Unemployed 45705
Discouraged Work Seeker 24383
Not Economically Active 151186
Income Percentage
None income 12,4%
R1 - R4,800 7,1%
R4,801 - R9,600 12,5%
R9,601 - R19,600 25,1%
R19,601 - R38,200 22,1%
R38,201 - R76,4000 8,7%
R76,401 - R153,800 5,3%
R153,801 - R307,600 4,1%
R307,601 - R614,400 2,1%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,4%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,1%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 13,252
Poultry production 18,433
Vegetable production 13,521
Production of other crops 22,667
Other 4,253

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 0
Animals only 18,185
Mixed farming 8,704
Other 1,380

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 14,800
R1-R4 800 2,363
R4 801-R38 400 26,978
R38 401-R307 200 5,399
R307 201+ 445
Unspecified 641

Place names

Places in Makhado Municipality

Key Statistics 2011

Total population516,031
Young (0-14)34,8%
Working Age (15-64)58,1%
Elderly (65+)7,1%
Dependency ratio72
Sex ratio84,8
Growth rate0,43% (2001-2011)
Population density62 persons/km2
Unemployment rate36,7%
Youth unemployment rate49,6%
No schooling aged 20+18,9%
Higher education aged 20+9,1%
Matric aged 20+21,8%
Number of households134,889
Number of Agricultural households50,625
Average household size3,7
Female headed households52,1%
Formal dwellings91,9%
Housing owned/paying off62,2%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage12,1%
Weekly refuse removal9,5%
Piped water inside dwelling15,7%
Electricity for lighting89,4%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population494,264
Young (0-14)39,3%
Working Age (15-64)58,1%
Elderly (65+)6,6%
Dependency ratio84,8%
Sex ratio80,7
Growth rate1,63% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate49,9%
Youth unemployment rate62,3%
No schooling aged 20+35%
Higher education aged 20+7,2%
Matric aged 20+14,1%
Number of households108,673
Average household size4,4
Female headed households54,2%
Formal dwellings71,4%
Housing owned/paying off54,6%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage9,9%
Weekly refuse removal9,6%
Piped water inside dwelling7,1%
Electricity for lighting66,6%