Newcastle

Quick Fact

0,87% Population growth rate.

Quick Fact Image 0,87% Growth Rate

Newcastle Municipality falls within Amajuba District in the province of KwaZulu-Natal. Located in the north-west corner of province, the municipality shares its northern border with the province of Mpumalanga and its western border with the province of Free State. The municipality consists of 31 electoral wards, and covers an area of 1 855 km2 (Wikipedia)

The municipality is predominantly urban (70,8%), with a large majority of the urban population living in the towns of Newcastle, Madadeni and Osizweni.

Rank By:
16 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Emalahleni , Mpumalanga 395,466 13
Nkomazi , Mpumalanga 393,030 14
Greater Tzaneen , Limpopo 390,095 15
Newcastle , KwaZulu-Natal 363,236 16
Mogale City , Gauteng 362,422 17
Maluti a Phofung , Free State 335,784 18
Greater Tubatse , Limpopo 335,676 19
Quick Fact

7,1% of those aged 20+ had no form of schooling.

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According to Census 2011, there are 363 236 individuals residing in the municipality, of whom 91,9% are black African, 3,9% white, and 3,2% Indian or Asian.

The percentage of the population aged 20 years and above who had no schooling in Newcastle Municipality decreased from 13,5% to 7,1% between 2001 and 2011. 5,8% have completed primary school, 33,2% have completed matric, and 1,8% have higher education.

Group Percentage
Black African91,9%
Coloured0,8%
Indian/Asian3,2%
White3,9%
Other0,2%
Age Males Females
0-4 5,6% 5,6%
5-9 5,4% 5,3%
10-14 5,3% 5%
15-19 5,6% 5,5%
20-24 5,4% 5,3%
25-29 4,5% 4,7%
30-34 3,3% 3,6%
35-39 2,8% 3,1%
40-44 2,1% 2,7%
45-49 1,8% 1,8%
50-54 1,6% 2,4%
55-59 1,4% 2%
60-64 1,1% 1,6%
65-69 0,7% 1%
70-74 0,4% 0,8%
75-79 0,2% 0,5%
80-84 0,1% 0,3%
85+ 0,1% 0,2%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 3,5%
English 6,3%
IsiNdebele 0,9%
IsiXhosa 0,3%
IsiZulu 84,9%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 1%
Setswana 0,5%
Sign Language 0,6%
SiSwati 0,2%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0,1%
Other 0.7%
Not Applicable 0,9%
Group Percentage
Married 15,4%
Living together like married partners 4,3%
Never married 76,7%
Widower/Widow 2,8%
Separated 0,3%
Divorced 0,5%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 2%
Some Primary 40,8%
Completed Primary 5,8%
Some Secondary 33%
Completed Secondary 15,7%
Higher Education 1,8%
Not Applicable 0,9%
Sex Percentage
Female 52,4%
Male 47,6%
Quick Fact

87,2% household access to electricity for lighting.

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There are 84 272 households in the municipality, with an average household size of 4,2 persons per household. Female headed households make up 47,5% of all households. Exactly half of households (50%) in the municipality have access to piped water inside the dwelling, while 87,2% of households have access to electricity for lighting

Area Percentage
Urban 70,8%
Tribal/Traditional 25%
Farm 4,2%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 90,8% 9,2%
Computer 16,8% 83,2%
Television 77,4% 22,6%
Satellite Television 23,3% 76,7%
Radio 72,3% 27,7%
Landline / Telephone 13,6% 86,4%
Motor Car 26,7% 73,3%
Refrigerator 73,1% 26,9%
Electric / Gas-Stove 79,3% 20,7%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 82,8% 68,7% 87,2%
Gas 2,2% 1,9% 0,5%
Paraffin 7,6% 3,2% 0,7%
Solar 0,1% 0,2% 0,2%
Candles 0% 0% 11,1%
Wood 3,4% 5,3% 0%
Coal 3,2% 8,8% 0%
Animal Dung 0,3% 0,5% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,3% 11,5% 0,4%
Access Percentage
From Home 6,1%
From Cellphone 17,3%
From Work 2,4%
From Elsewhere 7%
No Access 67,1%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 22,4%
Owned and fully paid off 41,1%
Owned but not yet paid off 10,9%
Occupied rent free 22,3%
Other 3,3%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 89,9%
Borehole 2,7%
Spring 0,6%
Rain water tank 0,3%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 0,2%
River/Stream 0,4%
Water vendor 0,4%
Water tanker 2,9%
Other 2,7%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 2,7%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 55,8%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 2%
Chemical toilet 4,7%
Pit toilet with ventilation 9,3%
Pit toilet without ventilation 22,4%
Bucket toilet 0,8%
Other 2,2%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 71%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 0,4%
Communal refuse dump 0,9%
Own refuse dump 23,2%
No rubbish disposal 3,9%
Other 0,5%
Quick Fact

37,4% Unemployment rate.

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The discovery of coal at the turn of the last century sparked the development of the area’s economy. In 1969, ISCOR decided to build its third steel works in Newcastle, becoming an important source of employment for the local population. According to Census 2011, 37,4% of the 100 654 economically active individuals (i.e. those who are employed or unemployed but looking for work) are unemployed. Of the 53 886 economically active youth (15–34 years) in the municipality, 49,0% are unemployed.

Employment Status Number
Employed 62968
Unemployed 37686
Discouraged Work Seeker 17021
Not Economically Active 112225
Income Percentage
None income 18%
R1 - R4,800 5,1%
R4,801 - R9,600 8,7%
R9,601 - R19,600 19%
R19,601 - R38,200 18,6%
R38,201 - R76,4000 11,1%
R76,401 - R153,800 8,5%
R153,801 - R307,600 6,5%
R307,601 - R614,400 3,3%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,8%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,2%
R2,457,601+ 0,2%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 3,688
Poultry production 8,654
Vegetable production 16,738
Production of other crops 3,177
Other 1,639

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 14,387
Animals only 7,075
Mixed farming 3,746
Other 668

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 8,897
R1-R4 800 880
R4 801-R38 400 12,446
R38 401-R307 200 2,889
R307 201+ 263
Unspecified 500

Key Statistics 2011

Total population363,236
Young (0-14)32,2%
Working Age (15-64)63,3%
Elderly (65+)4,5%
Dependency ratio58
Sex ratio90,8
Population growth rate0,87% (2001-2011)
Population density196 persons/km2
Unemployment rate37,4%
Youth unemployment rate49%
No schooling aged 20+7,1%
Higher education aged 20+11,2%
Matric aged 20+33,1%
Number of households84,272
Number of Agricultural households25,876
Average household size4,2
Female headed households47,5%
Formal dwellings91,1%
Housing owned/paying off52%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage55,8%
Weekly refuse removal71%
Piped water inside dwelling50%
Electricity for lighting87,2%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population332,981
Young (0-14)33,9%
Working Age (15-64)63,3%
Elderly (65+)3,9%
Dependency ratio60,7
Sex ratio89,4
Population growth rate2,93% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate54,1%
Youth unemployment rate64,5%
No schooling aged 20+13,5%
Higher education aged 20+8,3%
Matric aged 20+23,7%
Number of households71,164
Average household size4,6
Female headed households45,1%
Formal dwellings83,5%
Housing owned/paying off53%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage56,4%
Weekly refuse removal71,2%
Piped water inside dwelling28,5%
Electricity for lighting84,2%