Maruleng

Quick Fact

Maruleng Municipality has a population size of 94 857, which is the smallest municipality in the district in terms of population size, contribution at9% in Mopani District.

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The Maruleng Municipality is situated in the south-eastern quadrant of the Limpopo province within the Mopani District Municipal Area of Jurisdiction. The municipal area extends over 324 699ha.

The Maruleng Municipality is bordered by the Kruger National Park to the east, the Ba-Phalaborwa and Tzaneen Municipalities to the north, the LepelleNkumpi Municipality to the west, and the Tubatse Municipality and Bushbuckridge Municipality to the south.

The main access points to the municipal area are considered to be Klaserie and the Strijdom Tunnel in the south, Ofcolaco in the west and Mica in the north. The town of Hoedspruit can be considered the administrative and economic centre of the area. It is also the location of the Hoedspruit Air Force Base.

Rank By:
121 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Umuziwabantu , KwaZulu-Natal 96,556 118
Oudtshoorn , Western Cape 95,933 119
Midvaal , Gauteng 95,301 120
Maruleng , Limpopo 94,857 121
Fetakgomo , Limpopo 93,795 122
Ga-Segonyana , Northern Cape 93,651 123
//Khara Hais , Northern Cape 93,494 124
Quick Fact

20,9% of those 20+ have no schooling

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Maruleng Municipality has a population size of 94 857, which is the smallest municipality in the district in terms of population size, contribution at9% in Mopani District. The majority of the population (95%) areblack African, with the white population constituting3,7% and other population groups combined forming 0,8 % of the population as per Census 2011results. For every 100women there are85 men. Most of the people speak Sepedi as first language at 86,9%,followed by Xitsonga at 3,8% and Afrikaans at 2,6%. Other official languages make up 6,7%.

Group Percentage
Black African95,5%
Coloured0,3%
Indian/Asian0,2%
White3,8%
Other0,2%
Age Males Females
0-4 6,4% 6,3%
5-9 5,5% 5,4%
10-14 5,5% 5,2%
15-19 6% 5,9%
20-24 5,1% 5,2%
25-29 3,7% 4,7%
30-34 2,7% 3,8%
35-39 2,2% 3,2%
40-44 2% 3%
45-49 1,7% 1,7%
50-54 1,4% 2,1%
55-59 1,1% 1,6%
60-64 1% 1,3%
65-69 0,7% 0,9%
70-74 0,5% 0,9%
75-79 0,2% 0,7%
80-84 0,2% 0,6%
85+ 0,1% 0,5%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 2,7%
English 1,6%
IsiNdebele 0,4%
IsiXhosa 0,2%
IsiZulu 0,8%
Sepedi 86,9%
Sesotho 0,3%
Setswana 0,6%
Sign Language 0,1%
SiSwati 0,2%
Tshivenda 0,2%
Xitsonga 3,8%
Other 0.8%
Not Applicable 1,5%
Group Percentage
Married 16,7%
Living together like married partners 6,3%
Never married 72,3%
Widower/Widow 3,6%
Separated 0,5%
Divorced 0,6%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 2,4%
Some Primary 44,3%
Completed Primary 6%
Some Secondary 38,1%
Completed Secondary 7,6%
Higher Education 0,8%
Not Applicable 0,8%
Sex Percentage
Female 54,1%
Male 45,9%
Quick Fact

90,6% Use electricity for lighting

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Maruleng Municipality had a total of 24 470 households in 2011. A total of 11 330 households (or 46,3%) are headed by males, while 13 140 households (or 53,70%) are female-headed households. The average household size is 3,90. 16% of the total population in the municipality do not have any source of income. While the remaining 84% of the population have a source of income, 37,5% of these households earn an income below the minimum living wage, which is R1 600,00 per month.90,6% of the households use electricity for lighting and 10,9% have access to piped water inside the dwelling.

Area Percentage
Urban 3,3%
Tribal/Traditional 88,7%
Farm 8%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 87,3% 12,7%
Computer 8,9% 91,1%
Television 66,6% 33,4%
Satellite Television 14,7% 85,3%
Radio 53,7% 46,3%
Landline / Telephone 2,4% 97,6%
Motor Car 16% 84%
Refrigerator 67,1% 32,9%
Electric / Gas-Stove 49,5% 50,5%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 29,8% 26,3% 90,6%
Gas 1,6% 0,8% 0,3%
Paraffin 0,4% 0,2% 0,5%
Solar 0% 0,1% 0,3%
Candles 0% 0% 8%
Wood 67,7% 58,4% 0%
Coal 0,1% 0,1% 0%
Animal Dung 0% 0% 0%
Other 0% 0% 0%
None 0,3% 14,1% 0,4%
Access Percentage
From Home 2,6%
From Cellphone 10,1%
From Work 1,7%
From Elsewhere 2,3%
No Access 83,3%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 11,4%
Owned and fully paid off 21,9%
Owned but not yet paid off 2,8%
Occupied rent free 62,5%
Other 1,4%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 33,5%
Borehole 18,1%
Spring 0,9%
Rain water tank 0,9%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 11,3%
River/Stream 28,3%
Water vendor 3,6%
Water tanker 1,1%
Other 2,3%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 5,8%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 8,2%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 4,4%
Chemical toilet 0,4%
Pit toilet with ventilation 30%
Pit toilet without ventilation 50%
Bucket toilet 0,2%
Other 0,9%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 5,9%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 0,9%
Communal refuse dump 1%
Own refuse dump 79,3%
No rubbish disposal 11,6%
Other 1,3%
Quick Fact

51,2% Youth unemployment rate

Quick Fact Image 39.9% Unemployment

Maruleng Municipality is wedged between some of Limpopo’s prime tourist attractions, including the Kruger National Park, Timbavati Private Reserve and Blyde River Canyon. Significant tourism-related activities exist as the main economic contributor. The existing airport plays a significant role to increase tourist traffic and establish the area as a gateway to the Kruger National Park and surrounding areas.

Employment Status Number
Employed 13493
Unemployed 8945
Discouraged Work Seeker 4355
Not Economically Active 30428
Income Percentage
None income 15,9%
R1 - R4,800 7,2%
R4,801 - R9,600 14,5%
R9,601 - R19,600 25,1%
R19,601 - R38,200 20,2%
R38,201 - R76,4000 6,3%
R76,401 - R153,800 4,6%
R153,801 - R307,600 3,8%
R307,601 - R614,400 1,6%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,4%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,2%
R2,457,601+ 0,2%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 3,398
Poultry production 5,917
Vegetable production 1,224
Production of other crops 2,070
Other 814

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 0
Animals only 6,194
Mixed farming 1,600
Other 225

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 3,981
R1-R4 800 248
R4 801-R38 400 4,387
R38 401-R307 200 606
R307 201+ 60
Unspecified 146

Place names

Places in Maruleng Municipality

Key Statistics 2011

Total population94,857
Young (0-14)34,4%
Working Age (15-64)60,3%
Elderly (65+)5,3%
Dependency ratio65,8
Sex ratio85
Growth rate0,05% (2001-2011)
Population density29 persons/km2
Unemployment rate39,9%
Youth unemployment rate51,2%
No schooling aged 20+20,9%
Higher education aged 20+7%
Matric aged 20+18,5%
Number of households24,470
Number of Agricultural households9,427
Average household size3,7
Female headed households53,7%
Formal dwellings96%
Housing owned/paying off24,7%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage8,2%
Weekly refuse removal5,9%
Piped water inside dwelling10,9%
Electricity for lighting90,6%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population94,383
Young (0-14)39,2%
Working Age (15-64)60,3%
Elderly (65+)4,7%
Dependency ratio78,3%
Sex ratio85,6
Growth rate1,43% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate40,1%
Youth unemployment rate47,5%
No schooling aged 20+37,5%
Higher education aged 20+5,2%
Matric aged 20+10,8%
Number of households19,668
Average household size4,1
Female headed households53,4%
Formal dwellings80,9%
Housing owned/paying off42,1%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage11,5%
Weekly refuse removal7,7%
Piped water inside dwelling5,9%
Electricity for lighting58,7%