Main Place


Quick Fact
  • 256,185

  • 81,286

  • 24,8%

  • 67,2%

  • 91,8%

  • 71,3%

Bloemfontein is the capital city of the Free State and judicial capital of South Africa. The city was established in 1846 on the farm Bloemfontein. It has been said that the farm was named after a person with the surname Bloem, or after an ox that carried the name. Most likely, however, the farm was named after flowers growing at the fountain, from Dutch bloem, meaning 'flower'. (GPS coordinates: 29.1208 S, 26.2376 E).

Character(s) left.
  • Raper PE. 2004. New dictionary of South African Place Names. Jonathan Ball Publishers.

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Key Statistics 2011

Total population256,185
Young (0-14)23,2%
Working Age (15-64)71%
Elderly (65+)5,7%
Dependency ratio40,8
Sex ratio98
Population density1085 persons/km2
No schooling aged 20+2,9%
Higher education aged 20+24,8%
Matric aged 20+35,1%
Number of households81,286
Average household size2,9
Female headed households36,7%
Formal dwellings84,3%
Housing owned/paying off54,6%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage71,3%
Weekly refuse removal74,5%
Piped water inside dwelling67,2%
Electricity for lighting91,8%

Place names

Mangaung Municipality