Mtubatuba

Quick Fact

80% of Mtubatuba fell under traditional authorities

Quick Fact Image 16% of the municipality reside in Matubatuba

Mtubatuba is one of the five municipalities within Umkhanyakude District Municipality in KwaZulu Natal. Mtubatuba was named after the inkosi Mtubatuba of the Mkhwanazi Clan.  It is situated on the north-east coast of the province, and was home to 175  425 people.  Covering an area of approximately 1970km² Mtubatuba Municipality was one of the most urbanised municipality within the district, with 15% of the municipality falling under urban areas.

The two main town areas are Mtubatuba and St Lucia.  The vast majority of the municipality was under traditional authority – almost 80% – indicating a high proportion of people residing in scattered, rural villages under the jurisdiction of traditional authorities.  The Isimangaliso Wetland Park World Heritage Site falls under Matubatuba.

Rank By:
59 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Umzimkhulu , KwaZulu-Natal 180,302 56
Greater Taung , North West 177,642 57
Msinga , KwaZulu-Natal 177,577 58
Mtubatuba , KwaZulu-Natal 175,425 59
Mkhondo , Mpumalanga 171,982 60
Ditsobotla , North West 168,902 61
Breede Valley , Western Cape 166,825 62
Quick Fact

Mtubatuba had the highest growth rate in the province between 2001 and 2011 – standing at 1,85%.

Quick Fact Image

The majority of the population was Black African and constituted 98% of the population with whites making up just 1% of the population.  The dominant home language was isiZulu – spoken by 92% of the population.

Population growth has slowed in the municipality but growth rate of 1,8% was much higher then the provincial average of 0,7%.  Mtubatuba is  closer to Empangeni-Richards Bay and at the junction of a popular tourist area. Females made up the majority of the population – 54%  – with males making up the remaining 46%.

Education

Out of the total of 79 724 of the population aged between 5 years and 24 years, 79% (62 971) were attending school, with non attendance at just 21% (16 753).  19.9% of the population aged 20 year and above  had no schooling , while 5,7% had attained higher education and 28,4 had completed matric.

Births

The high proportion of persons aged under 4 years – 14% of the population – was indicative of higher birth rates and survival rates associated improved health services and access to anti-retroviral medication.  Hlabisa had the highest proportion of young persons in the province.

Deaths

While the higher proportion of 0-4 years was indicative of a reduction in infant mortality, mortality rates are still high.  Of the 1 177 deaths recorded, Tuberculosis was the leading cause of death in 2010 – 1 in 10 deaths were a result of TB.  This was followed by HIV and Cerebrovascular diseases.

Group Percentage
Black African98,1%
Coloured0,4%
Indian/Asian0,3%
White1,1%
Other0,1%
Age Males Females
0-4 7,3% 7%
5-9 6,4% 6,3%
10-14 6,3% 6,1%
15-19 6,2% 6,3%
20-24 4,7% 5,5%
25-29 3,6% 4,7%
30-34 2,5% 3,4%
35-39 2% 2,6%
40-44 1,5% 2,2%
45-49 1,4% 1,4%
50-54 1,2% 2%
55-59 0,9% 1,4%
60-64 0,8% 1,1%
65-69 0,4% 0,8%
70-74 0,5% 0,8%
75-79 0,2% 0,6%
80-84 0,2% 0,5%
85+ 0,1% 0,3%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 0,7%
English 2,9%
IsiNdebele 1,3%
IsiXhosa 0,1%
IsiZulu 92,4%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 0,1%
Setswana 0,6%
Sign Language 0,3%
SiSwati 0,1%
Tshivenda 0,1%
Xitsonga 0,1%
Other 0.3%
Not Applicable 0,7%
Group Percentage
Married 14,3%
Living together like married partners 4,6%
Never married 78,7%
Widower/Widow 1,7%
Separated 0,5%
Divorced 0,2%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3,4%
Some Primary 46,6%
Completed Primary 6,3%
Some Secondary 29,9%
Completed Secondary 12,6%
Higher Education 0,6%
Not Applicable 0,6%
Sex Percentage
Female 53,6%
Male 46,4%
Quick Fact

Just over 80% of people lived in formal dwellings.

Quick Fact Image 65% of households used electricity.

Mtubatuba municipality had 34 905 households with average household size o of 5,6.  The proportion of formal dwellings was 80,5% up from 59,9% in 2001.  Just 17% of households had flush toilet connected to sewage, and 22,1% of  households had water inside the dwellings. 65,1% of the households used electricity for lighting.

Poverty

Mtubatuba Municipality had a high dependency ratio of 78 with 47% of households headed by females.  The majority of the population was young and dependent. 2% of the households were headed by children.

Area Percentage
Urban 11,1%
Tribal/Traditional 87%
Farm 1,9%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 88,6% 11,4%
Computer 8,4% 91,6%
Television 54,5% 45,5%
Satellite Television 16,7% 83,3%
Radio 66,4% 33,6%
Landline / Telephone 5,6% 94,4%
Motor Car 18% 82%
Refrigerator 56,4% 43,6%
Electric / Gas-Stove 61,4% 38,6%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 55,5% 43,2% 65,1%
Gas 6% 2,7% 0,6%
Paraffin 2,4% 1,2% 0,6%
Solar 0,2% 0,4% 1,1%
Candles 0% 0% 31,6%
Wood 34,7% 23,1% 0%
Coal 0,3% 2,2% 0%
Animal Dung 0,1% 0,2% 0%
Other 0,5% 0% 0%
None 0,4% 27% 1,1%
Access Percentage
From Home 4,2%
From Cellphone 20%
From Work 2,3%
From Elsewhere 3,4%
No Access 70%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 11,7%
Owned and fully paid off 48,4%
Owned but not yet paid off 14,3%
Occupied rent free 22,9%
Other 2,6%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 43,6%
Borehole 7,3%
Spring 1,7%
Rain water tank 3%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 12,1%
River/Stream 18,6%
Water vendor 1,5%
Water tanker 4,8%
Other 7,4%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 18,5%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 17%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 3,3%
Chemical toilet 8,9%
Pit toilet with ventilation 11,5%
Pit toilet without ventilation 27,2%
Bucket toilet 0,8%
Other 12,8%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 13,3%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 1,4%
Communal refuse dump 1,7%
Own refuse dump 70,3%
No rubbish disposal 9,9%
Other 3,5%
Quick Fact
Quick Fact Image 51,2% Over half the youth were unemployed

The largest employment sector is the agricultural sector.  Another industry that provides employment opportunities is the eco-tourism sector.  Unemployment rate stood at 42,8%.

Employment Status Number
Employed 20213
Unemployed 12942
Discouraged Work Seeker 7374
Not Economically Active 58035
Income Percentage
None income 13,5%
R1 - R4,800 5,4%
R4,801 - R9,600 10,9%
R9,601 - R19,600 22,5%
R19,601 - R38,200 23%
R38,201 - R76,4000 11,1%
R76,401 - R153,800 6,3%
R153,801 - R307,600 4,4%
R307,601 - R614,400 2,2%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,4%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,2%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 5,745
Poultry production 9,462
Vegetable production 6,127
Production of other crops 1,816
Other 1,016

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 0
Animals only 8,586
Mixed farming 3,481
Other 240

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 4,257
R1-R4 800 953
R4 801-R38 400 8,669
R38 401-R307 200 1,142
R307 201+ 131
Unspecified 598

Place names

Places in Mtubatuba Municipality

Key Statistics 2011

Total population175,425
Young (0-14)39,4%
Working Age (15-64)56,2%
Elderly (65+)4,4%
Dependency ratio78
Sex ratio86,4
Growth rate1,85% (2001-2011)
Population density89 persons/km2
Unemployment rate39%
Youth unemployment rate46,9%
No schooling aged 20+19,9%
Higher education aged 20+5,7%
Matric aged 20+28,4%
Number of households34,905
Number of Agricultural households15,749
Average household size4,8
Female headed households52,8%
Formal dwellings80,5%
Housing owned/paying off62,8%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage17%
Weekly refuse removal13,3%
Piped water inside dwelling22,1%
Electricity for lighting65,1%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population145,820
Young (0-14)40,6%
Working Age (15-64)56,2%
Elderly (65+)4,5%
Dependency ratio82,1%
Sex ratio84,6
Growth rate2,52% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate59,7%
Youth unemployment rate69,2%
No schooling aged 20+37,4%
Higher education aged 20+5,3%
Matric aged 20+14,5%
Number of households24,826
Average household size5,6
Female headed households46,6%
Formal dwellings59,9%
Housing owned/paying off52,9%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage15%
Weekly refuse removal11,3%
Piped water inside dwelling8,2%
Electricity for lighting45,6%