Hlabisa

Quick Fact

Just 3% of the population reside in the town of Hlabisa

Quick Fact Image 91% Hlabisa fell under traditional authority

Hlabisa Municipality is one of the local Municipalities under Umkhanyakude district in the KwaZulu-Natal province.  The municipality was named after the surname, Hlabisa, of two Nkosi’s in the area.  The municipality is generally characterised by rural communities predominantly under traditional areas.  91% of land was under traditional authority, 3% commercial farmland and 6% urban.  The major town is Hlabisa, with secondary nodes of Mpembeni, Zibayeni and Ezibayeni.

Rank By:
142 ranking by population size
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Victor Khanye , Mpumalanga 75,452 139
Ntambanana , KwaZulu-Natal 74,336 140
Ngqushwa , Eastern Cape 72,190 141
Hlabisa , KwaZulu-Natal 71,925 142
Knysna , Western Cape 68,659 143
Modimolle , Limpopo 68,513 144
Musina , Limpopo 68,359 145
Quick Fact

Hlabisa had the highest proportion of under 15-year olds in the province – 41,4%

Quick Fact Image

The municipality population totaled 71 925 people in 2001 and was inhabited by Black Africans who made up 100% of the total population.  94% spoke IsiZulu as a home language.  The under 20 age group constitued a significant amount of the population, just over half the population (54%) were of working age with only 4% of the population 65 years and  older.  The proportion of women stood at 54%  while males made up 46% of the total population.  This profile is indicative of the mostly male, and working-age migration patterns.

Education

The level of education for the community of Hlabisa is relatively low – 22% had no schooling, 26% had completed matric and just 1,7% had higher education.  Although there were high levels of school attendance, very few people progress to tertiary institution or achieve post matric qualification.  School attendance is high however, of those aged between 5 and 24 years, 82%  people were attending school, primary school enrollment stood at 92%.

Health

Statistics provided by the Department of Health shows that facility mortality rate  for children under one year was 9,9% and that of children under five years was 7,5%.

Births

The high proportion of persons aged under 4 years – 15% of the population – was indicative of higher birth rates and survival rates associated improved health services and access to anti-retroviral medication.  Hlabisa had the highest proportion of young persons in the province.

Deaths

While the higher proportion of 0-4 years was indicative of a reduction in infant mortality, mortality rates are still high.  The number of HIV deaths  accounted for7% of deaths in 2010.  Tuberculosis accounted for the highest number of deaths – 21%, followed by Intestinal infectious diseases (9%) and cerebrovascular diseases (5%).  A total of 1 179 deaths were recorded, with 4,6% due to non-natural causes.

Group Percentage
Black African99,4%
Coloured0,1%
Indian/Asian0,2%
White0,1%
Other0,2%
Age Males Females
0-4 7,5% 7,5%
5-9 6,6% 6,4%
10-14 6,7% 6,6%
15-19 7% 6,7%
20-24 4,4% 5,4%
25-29 3% 4,1%
30-34 1,9% 2,7%
35-39 1,6% 2,3%
40-44 1,3% 2,1%
45-49 1,2% 1,2%
50-54 1,2% 1,9%
55-59 1,1% 1,6%
60-64 0,9% 1,3%
65-69 0,6% 0,9%
70-74 0,4% 0,9%
75-79 0,2% 0,6%
80-84 0,2% 0,5%
85+ 0,2% 0,4%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 0,3%
English 1,2%
IsiNdebele 1,5%
IsiXhosa 0,1%
IsiZulu 94,4%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 0,1%
Setswana 0,7%
Sign Language 0,7%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0%
Other 0.1%
Not Applicable 0,6%
Group Percentage
Married 13,9%
Living together like married partners 3,1%
Never married 80,2%
Widower/Widow 2,4%
Separated 0,4%
Divorced 0,1%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3,1%
Some Primary 46,3%
Completed Primary 6,5%
Some Secondary 31,7%
Completed Secondary 11,4%
Higher Education 0,4%
Not Applicable 0,6%
Sex Percentage
Female 54,2%
Male 45,8%
Quick Fact

More then half of households had no access to piped water (via standpipe or in yard).

Quick Fact Image

Hlabsisa Municipality had a total of 12 586 households in 2011 with average household size of 5,4 – the second highest in the province.  The relatively large size of households is typical of the traditional, rural characteristic of the area.  The proportion of households living in formal dwellings was was 68%.  The municipality faces many challenges in the provision of infrastructure.  The proportion of households with flush toilet connected to  sewage was 7% and just 12,5% households had piped water inside dwelling and 55,4% households had access to electricity.  This represents a significant increase in access to electricty, in 2001 less then a third of households had access to electricity.

Poverty

Hlabisa Municipality had high levels of poverty, with the third highest unemployment rate in the province – 53%.  This means that over half the population of working age and available for work was unemployed.  Almost 60% of households were headed by females, reflective of the mostly male migration patterns.  The average household income income was 47 263 in 2011 up from 15 566 in 2001.

Area Percentage
Urban 3,4%
Tribal/Traditional 95,2%
Farm 1,4%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 88,6% 11,4%
Computer 3,5% 96,5%
Television 45,5% 54,5%
Satellite Television 7,2% 92,8%
Radio 68,8% 31,2%
Landline / Telephone 3,2% 96,8%
Motor Car 12,7% 87,3%
Refrigerator 48,2% 51,8%
Electric / Gas-Stove 50% 50%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 37,3% 28,4% 55,4%
Gas 9,1% 2,4% 0,5%
Paraffin 2,9% 1% 0,6%
Solar 0,3% 0,4% 3,8%
Candles 0% 0% 38,6%
Wood 49,3% 47,1% 0%
Coal 0,4% 2,8% 0%
Animal Dung 0,1% 0,1% 0%
Other 0,3% 0% 0%
None 0,3% 17,8% 1,1%
Access Percentage
From Home 1,4%
From Cellphone 22,4%
From Work 2%
From Elsewhere 2,8%
No Access 71,4%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 7,7%
Owned and fully paid off 26,7%
Owned but not yet paid off 13,8%
Occupied rent free 45%
Other 6,8%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 23%
Borehole 11,5%
Spring 6,7%
Rain water tank 2,1%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 8,3%
River/Stream 39,2%
Water vendor 1,2%
Water tanker 3,3%
Other 4,8%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 7,1%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 4,1%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 3,3%
Chemical toilet 27,3%
Pit toilet with ventilation 40,7%
Pit toilet without ventilation 14%
Bucket toilet 1,8%
Other 1,6%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 5,4%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 2,2%
Communal refuse dump 1,2%
Own refuse dump 72,4%
No rubbish disposal 17,7%
Other 1,1%
Quick Fact

Hlabisa had the 4th highest youth unemployment rate in the province 62%

Quick Fact Image

The major economic activity is tourism which is centred in adjacent Hlulhuwe-Umfolozi game reserve.  Hlabisa had limited economic development opportunities and in 2011, with over half the population of working age, available for work.  There were few primary investment points in the municipality, and the most significant economic activity was household-based agriculture, mainly subsistence in nature.

Employment Status Number
Employed 5396
Unemployed 5983
Discouraged Work Seeker 4722
Not Economically Active 22609
Income Percentage
None income 12,3%
R1 - R4,800 5,2%
R4,801 - R9,600 10,9%
R9,601 - R19,600 23,2%
R19,601 - R38,200 24,7%
R38,201 - R76,4000 12,9%
R76,401 - R153,800 6%
R153,801 - R307,600 3,1%
R307,601 - R614,400 1,4%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,2%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,1%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 4,178
Poultry production 4,451
Vegetable production 3,013
Production of other crops 886
Other 382

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 0
Animals only 3,836
Mixed farming 2,240
Other 57

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 2,371
R1-R4 800 337
R4 801-R38 400 3,902
R38 401-R307 200 370
R307 201+ 39
Unspecified 235

Place names

Places in Hlabisa Municipality

Key Statistics 2011

Total population71,925
Young (0-14)41,4%
Working Age (15-64)53,8%
Elderly (65+)4,8%
Dependency ratio85,8
Sex ratio84,5
Growth rate0,38% (2001-2011)
Population density46 persons/km2
Unemployment rate52,6%
Youth unemployment rate61,9%
No schooling aged 20+21,9%
Higher education aged 20+3,2%
Matric aged 20+26,6%
Number of households12,586
Number of Agricultural households7,254
Average household size5,4
Female headed households58,9%
Formal dwellings65,7%
Housing owned/paying off40,5%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage4,1%
Weekly refuse removal5,4%
Piped water inside dwelling12,5%
Electricity for lighting55,4%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population69,269
Young (0-14)45,4%
Working Age (15-64)53,8%
Elderly (65+)4,8%
Dependency ratio100,7%
Sex ratio81,2
Growth rate0,97% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate76,3%
Youth unemployment rate84,4%
No schooling aged 20+43,4%
Higher education aged 20+2,9%
Matric aged 20+13,4%
Number of households10,611
Average household size6,3
Female headed households58,5%
Formal dwellings47,9%
Housing owned/paying off44,2%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage7,4%
Weekly refuse removal2,8%
Piped water inside dwelling2,2%
Electricity for lighting28,7%