Ingquza Hill

Quick Fact

In 2001, the population of the municipality was 254 481, which constituted 19,6% of the district population. In 2011, the population rose to 278 481 which is 20,4% of the O.R. Tambo District population.

Quick Fact Image 0.9% Growth Rates

The municipality is bordered by the Bizana Local Municipality to the north, the Port St John’s Local Municipality to the south and the Ntabankulu Local Municipality to the northwest. It comprises the magisterial areas of Lusikisiki and Flagstaff. The surface area is 2 477km2 and the population density is 112,4people per square kilometre. Economic activity is largely subsistence farming, although the Magwa Tea Plantation provides limited commercial productivity as well as job opportunities.

Rank By:
27 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Mafikeng , North West 291,527 24
Nyandeni , Eastern Cape 290,390 25
Mbizana , Eastern Cape 281,905 26
Ingquza Hill , Eastern Cape 278,481 27
Makhuduthamaga , Limpopo 274,358 28
Hibiscus Coast , KwaZulu-Natal 256,135 29
Mbhashe , Eastern Cape 254,909 30
Quick Fact

20,8% aged 20+ had no formal schooling.

Quick Fact Image

In 2001, the population of the municipality was 254 480, which constituted 19,6% of the district population. In 2011, the population rose to 278 481 which is 20,4% of the O.R. Tambo District population.

The population comprises 128 974 males, which constitutes 46%. The female population constitutes 54% at 149 507. There is a net outflow of male persons from teenager stage due to schooling and job-seeking opportunities elsewhere.

Group Percentage
Black African99,2%
Coloured0,4%
Indian/Asian0,1%
White0,1%
Other0,1%
Age Males Females
0-4 7,4% 7,3%
5-9 7% 7%
10-14 7,1% 6,7%
15-19 6,9% 6,8%
20-24 4,3% 4,4%
25-29 3% 3,5%
30-34 2,2% 2,9%
35-39 1,7% 2,5%
40-44 1,2% 2,3%
45-49 1,1% 1,1%
50-54 1,1% 1,9%
55-59 0,9% 1,4%
60-64 0,8% 1,3%
65-69 0,5% 1%
70-74 0,5% 1%
75-79 0,3% 0,8%
80-84 0,2% 0,6%
85+ 0,1% 0,3%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 0,4%
English 2,2%
IsiNdebele 0,2%
IsiXhosa 94,1%
IsiZulu 0,9%
Sepedi 0,3%
Sesotho 0,2%
Setswana 0,1%
Sign Language 0,7%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0%
Other 0.3%
Not Applicable 0,5%
Group Percentage
Married 16,4%
Living together like married partners 1,3%
Never married 77,1%
Widower/Widow 4,5%
Separated 0,5%
Divorced 0,2%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3,5%
Some Primary 55,4%
Completed Primary 7,2%
Some Secondary 28,7%
Completed Secondary 4,5%
Higher Education 0,3%
Not Applicable 0,4%
Sex Percentage
Female 53,7%
Male 46,3%
Quick Fact

only 62,8%  of the population used electricity for lighting.

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The percentage of the population with no access to tap/piped water was 79,0% in 2001. However, the percentage dropped to 69,2% in 2011, but remains a challenge as it is related to health issues.

A large percentage of the population utilises pit latrines (66,7%), whereas 19,2% do not have any toilets. The percentage of the population that utilises flush toilets connected to a sewerage system is only 3,3%.

In 2001, only 62,8% of the population used electricity for lighting. This figure had risen to 63,2% by 2011.

Area Percentage
Urban 4,9%
Tribal/Traditional 95%
Farm 0,1%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 80,1% 19,9%
Computer 2,6% 97,4%
Television 46,7% 53,3%
Satellite Television 7% 93%
Radio 51,5% 48,5%
Landline / Telephone 2% 98%
Motor Car 8,7% 91,3%
Refrigerator 28,6% 71,4%
Electric / Gas-Stove 45,3% 54,7%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 36,2% 19% 62,8%
Gas 3,6% 1,5% 0,2%
Paraffin 7,5% 12,1% 1,8%
Solar 0,1% 0,2% 0,3%
Candles 0% 0% 34,3%
Wood 51,4% 60,3% 0%
Coal 0,3% 1,1% 0%
Animal Dung 0,5% 0,4% 0%
Other 0,2% 0% 0%
None 0,2% 5,3% 0,5%
Access Percentage
From Home 1,4%
From Cellphone 12,2%
From Work 1,4%
From Elsewhere 3,2%
No Access 81,8%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 8,7%
Owned and fully paid off 51,6%
Owned but not yet paid off 10,7%
Occupied rent free 21%
Other 7,9%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 15,1%
Borehole 2,8%
Spring 6,6%
Rain water tank 4,4%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 3%
River/Stream 63,4%
Water vendor 0,8%
Water tanker 2,5%
Other 1,4%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 14,4%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 2,4%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 0,9%
Chemical toilet 9,7%
Pit toilet with ventilation 24,3%
Pit toilet without ventilation 42,4%
Bucket toilet 1,2%
Other 4,7%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 3,2%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 0,6%
Communal refuse dump 1,3%
Own refuse dump 74,5%
No rubbish disposal 18,4%
Other 2%
Quick Fact

The rate of unemployment stood at 65,7% in 2001. It came down to 51,6% in 2011, but this still far above the national average of 25,2%.

Quick Fact Image

2,3% of the population stayed in informal dwellings in 2001.This figure dropped to 1,0% in 2011. The proportion of people staying in traditional dwellings in 2001 was 65,9% and dropped to 58% in 2011. This is due to the rural character of the municipality.

 

Employment Status Number
Employed 18524
Unemployed 19718
Discouraged Work Seeker 15327
Not Economically Active 91793
Income Percentage
None income 17,6%
R1 - R4,800 7,3%
R4,801 - R9,600 14,2%
R9,601 - R19,600 24,6%
R19,601 - R38,200 20,3%
R38,201 - R76,4000 7,1%
R76,401 - R153,800 4,5%
R153,801 - R307,600 3%
R307,601 - R614,400 1%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,2%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,1%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 14,429
Poultry production 24,708
Vegetable production 16,406
Production of other crops 7,667
Other 2,154

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 0
Animals only 15,404
Mixed farming 13,770
Other 233

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 15,115
R1-R4 800 1,637
R4 801-R38 400 16,018
R38 401-R307 200 1,836
R307 201+ 120
Unspecified 604

Place names

Places in Ingquza Hill Municipality

Key Statistics 2011

Total population278,481
Young (0-14)42,4%
Working Age (15-64)52,2%
Elderly (65+)5,4%
Dependency ratio91,6
Sex ratio86,3
Growth rate0,9% (2001-2011)
Population density112 persons/km2
Unemployment rate51,6%
Youth unemployment rate60,9%
No schooling aged 20+20,8%
Higher education aged 20+5,3%
Matric aged 20+12,6%
Number of households56,213
Number of Agricultural households35,330
Average household size4,7
Female headed households59,1%
Formal dwellings40,5%
Housing owned/paying off62,3%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage2,4%
Weekly refuse removal3,2%
Piped water inside dwelling3,7%
Electricity for lighting62,8%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population254,480
Young (0-14)46,3%
Working Age (15-64)52,2%
Elderly (65+)5,6%
Dependency ratio107,9%
Sex ratio82,3
Growth rate0,73% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate65,7%
Youth unemployment rate75,8%
No schooling aged 20+40,3%
Higher education aged 20+3,5%
Matric aged 20+6,7%
Number of households50,206
Average household size5
Female headed households62,6%
Formal dwellings31,6%
Housing owned/paying off55,1%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage2,6%
Weekly refuse removal2,2%
Piped water inside dwelling1,2%
Electricity for lighting13,7%