Kouga

Quick Fact

According to Census 2011, Kouga Local Municipality has a total population of 98 558 individuals.

Quick Fact Image 3,22% Growth Rate

Kouga Local Municipality is situated in the Cacadu District Municipality in the Eastern Cape province, on the south-eastern coast of South Africa. The major towns that fall within the municipality include Humansdorp, Jeffreys Bay and Hankey.

Rank By:
114 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Ingwe , KwaZulu-Natal 100,548 111
Lesedi , Gauteng 99,520 112
Saldanha Bay , Western Cape 99,193 113
Kouga , Eastern Cape 98,558 114
Thaba Chweu , Mpumalanga 98,387 115
Langeberg , Western Cape 97,724 116
Maphumulo , KwaZulu-Natal 96,724 117
Quick Fact

4,9% of those aged 20 years and older have no form of schooling.

Quick Fact Image

According to Census 2011, Kouga Local Municipality has a total population of 98 558 individuals, 42,6% of whom are coloured, 38,8% are black African, 17,6% are white, and 0,2% are Indian or Asian.

Of those aged 20 years and older, 7,2% have completed primary school, 38,0% have some secondary education, 24,6% have completed matric, and 9,5% have some form of higher education. 4,9% of those aged 20 years and older have no form of schooling. Afrikaans is spoken as a first language by 58,4% of the population, followed by isiXhosa (29,9%) and English (6,4%).

Group Percentage
Black African38,8%
Coloured42,6%
Indian/Asian0,2%
White17,6%
Other0,7%
Age Males Females
0-4 5,4% 5,1%
5-9 4,4% 4,3%
10-14 3,8% 3,8%
15-19 3,9% 3,9%
20-24 4,4% 4,4%
25-29 4,7% 4,7%
30-34 4% 3,8%
35-39 3,6% 3,5%
40-44 3,3% 3,2%
45-49 2,8% 2,8%
50-54 2,2% 2,4%
55-59 1,9% 2,1%
60-64 1,5% 1,9%
65-69 1,2% 1,5%
70-74 1,1% 1,2%
75-79 0,7% 0,8%
80-84 0,3% 0,5%
85+ 0,2% 0,5%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 58,4%
English 6,4%
IsiNdebele 0,2%
IsiXhosa 29,9%
IsiZulu 0,5%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 0,7%
Setswana 0,5%
Sign Language 0,2%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0,1%
Xitsonga 0,1%
Other 0.9%
Not Applicable 1,7%
Group Percentage
Married 28,4%
Living together like married partners 9,9%
Never married 55,8%
Widower/Widow 4,1%
Separated 0,5%
Divorced 1,4%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3,9%
Some Primary 45,3%
Completed Primary 7,8%
Some Secondary 30,9%
Completed Secondary 9,7%
Higher Education 1%
Not Applicable 1,3%
Sex Percentage
Female 50,7%
Male 49,3%
Quick Fact

86,9% have access to electricity for lighting.

Quick Fact Image

There are 29 447 households in the municipality with an average household size of 3,2 persons per household. Of all households, 60,4% have access to piped water inside the dwelling and 86,9% have access to electricity for lighting. 35,4% of households are headed by females.

Area Percentage
Urban 85,5%
Tribal/Traditional 0%
Farm 14,5%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 83% 17%
Computer 23,1% 76,9%
Television 75,7% 24,3%
Satellite Television 31,4% 68,6%
Radio 64% 36%
Landline / Telephone 21,3% 78,7%
Motor Car 35,8% 64,2%
Refrigerator 69,6% 30,4%
Electric / Gas-Stove 83,9% 16,1%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 82,1% 60% 86,9%
Gas 4,8% 1,8% 0,2%
Paraffin 9,8% 6,6% 8,1%
Solar 0,2% 0,4% 0,3%
Candles 0% 0% 4,4%
Wood 2,6% 7,1% 0%
Coal 0,1% 0,1% 0%
Animal Dung 0,1% 0,1% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,3% 23,9% 0,2%
Access Percentage
From Home 11,2%
From Cellphone 11,3%
From Work 2,9%
From Elsewhere 2,5%
No Access 72%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 23,5%
Owned and fully paid off 44,6%
Owned but not yet paid off 7,1%
Occupied rent free 20,7%
Other 4,1%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 91,4%
Borehole 2,2%
Spring 0,2%
Rain water tank 0,9%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 2,8%
River/Stream 0,7%
Water vendor 0,2%
Water tanker 0,5%
Other 1,2%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 4,6%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 64,9%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 10,9%
Chemical toilet 1,6%
Pit toilet with ventilation 1,3%
Pit toilet without ventilation 3,8%
Bucket toilet 11,2%
Other 1,7%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 83,5%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 1,2%
Communal refuse dump 2,5%
Own refuse dump 10,2%
No rubbish disposal 1,9%
Other 0,6%
Quick Fact

21,5% unemployment rate.

Quick Fact Image

38 412 individuals living in the municipality are economically active (i.e., employed or unemployed but looking for work), and of these, 21,5% are unemployed. The economically active youth (15–34 years) in the area total 19 634, of which 26,7% are unemployed.

Employment Status Number
Employed 30163
Unemployed 8249
Discouraged Work Seeker 2234
Not Economically Active 23685
Income Percentage
None income 15,6%
R1 - R4,800 3,4%
R4,801 - R9,600 5,8%
R9,601 - R19,600 16,9%
R19,601 - R38,200 20,7%
R38,201 - R76,4000 15,4%
R76,401 - R153,800 9,8%
R153,801 - R307,600 7,4%
R307,601 - R614,400 3,5%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 1%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,4%
R2,457,601+ 0,3%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 782
Poultry production 868
Vegetable production 661
Production of other crops 318
Other 654

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 0
Animals only 1,016
Mixed farming 317
Other 203

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 362
R1-R4 800 47
R4 801-R38 400 956
R38 401-R307 200 487
R307 201+ 88
Unspecified 62

Place names

Places in Kouga Municipality

Key Statistics 2011

Total population98,558
Young (0-14)26,8%
Working Age (15-64)65,3%
Elderly (65+)7,9%
Dependency ratio53,2
Sex ratio97,2
Growth rate3,22% (2001-2011)
Population density37 persons/km2
Unemployment rate21,5%
Youth unemployment rate26,7%
No schooling aged 20+4,9%
Higher education aged 20+9,5%
Matric aged 20+24,5%
Number of households29,447
Number of Agricultural households2,002
Average household size3,2
Female headed households35,4%
Formal dwellings76,1%
Housing owned/paying off51,7%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage64,9%
Weekly refuse removal83,5%
Piped water inside dwelling60,4%
Electricity for lighting86,9%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population71,390
Young (0-14)26,8%
Working Age (15-64)65,3%
Elderly (65+)7,1%
Dependency ratio51,3%
Sex ratio94,5
Growth rate2,42% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate26,3%
Youth unemployment rate32,5%
No schooling aged 20+10,5%
Higher education aged 20+6,3%
Matric aged 20+21,3%
Number of households19,427
Average household size3,6
Female headed households30,4%
Formal dwellings73,1%
Housing owned/paying off48%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage51,8%
Weekly refuse removal77,4%
Piped water inside dwelling38,9%
Electricity for lighting76,1%