Umzumbe

Quick Fact

According to Census 2011, Umzumbe Local Municipality has a total population of 160,975 people, of which 99,6% are black African, 0,1% are white and with the other population groups making up the remaining is 0,3%

Quick Fact Image -1,85% Growth Rate

Umzumbe Municipality (KZ213) is a local municipality falling within the Ugu District Municipality (DC21). The municipality is one of the six local municipalities within the District. It is the largest municipality within the district in terms of the geographic area coverage. The municipal boundary runs along the coast for a short strip between Mthwalume and Hibberdene and then balloons out into the hinterland for approximately 60km.

Rank By:
66 ranking by population size
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Nquthu , KwaZulu-Natal 165,307 63
Tlokwe City Council , North West 162,762 64
Blouberg , Limpopo 162,629 65
Umzumbe , KwaZulu-Natal 160,975 66
Moqhaka , Free State 160,532 67
Umhlabuyalingana , KwaZulu-Natal 156,736 68
Port St Johns , Eastern Cape 156,136 69
Quick Fact

17,3% have no form of schooling.

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Of those aged 20 years and older, 5,5% have completed primary school, 30% have some secondary education, 20,2% have completed matric, 3,8% have some form of higher education, and 17,3% have no form of schooling.

Group Percentage
Black African99,6%
Coloured0,1%
Indian/Asian0,1%
White0,1%
Other0,1%
Age Males Females
0-4 6,7% 6,6%
5-9 6,1% 5,9%
10-14 6% 5,7%
15-19 6,4% 6,2%
20-24 4,6% 4,6%
25-29 3,3% 3,7%
30-34 2,3% 2,7%
35-39 1,9% 2,4%
40-44 1,6% 2,4%
45-49 1,6% 1,6%
50-54 1,4% 2,3%
55-59 1,3% 1,9%
60-64 1,3% 1,9%
65-69 0,7% 1,4%
70-74 0,6% 1,2%
75-79 0,3% 0,9%
80-84 0,2% 0,8%
85+ 0,2% 0,4%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 0,3%
English 0,7%
IsiNdebele 1%
IsiXhosa 0,7%
IsiZulu 95,3%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 0,1%
Setswana 0,6%
Sign Language 0,3%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0%
Other 0.1%
Not Applicable 0,7%
Group Percentage
Married 16,5%
Living together like married partners 2%
Never married 76%
Widower/Widow 5%
Separated 0,3%
Divorced 0,1%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3%
Some Primary 45,9%
Completed Primary 6,5%
Some Secondary 33,1%
Completed Secondary 10,2%
Higher Education 0,7%
Not Applicable 0,6%
Sex Percentage
Female 53,5%
Male 46,5%
Quick Fact

49% of households have access to electricity for lighting.

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There are 35 171 households in the municipality, with an average household size of 4,5 persons per household. Only 5,1% of households have access to piped water either in their dwellings or in the yard.

Area Percentage
Urban 0%
Tribal/Traditional 99,3%
Farm 0,7%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 75,8% 24,2%
Computer 3,4% 96,6%
Television 44% 56%
Satellite Television 6,4% 93,6%
Radio 57,5% 42,5%
Landline / Telephone 3,5% 96,5%
Motor Car 10,4% 89,6%
Refrigerator 39,7% 60,3%
Electric / Gas-Stove 41,5% 58,5%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 33,2% 24% 49%
Gas 4,4% 2,2% 0,6%
Paraffin 6,2% 1,9% 1,6%
Solar 0,1% 0,2% 0,4%
Candles 0% 0% 47,1%
Wood 55,3% 58,9% 0%
Coal 0,3% 1,4% 0%
Animal Dung 0,1% 0,2% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,4% 11,1% 1,2%
Access Percentage
From Home 1,1%
From Cellphone 12,6%
From Work 1,2%
From Elsewhere 3,7%
No Access 81,4%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 5,4%
Owned and fully paid off 72,4%
Owned but not yet paid off 4,7%
Occupied rent free 14,7%
Other 2,9%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 38,6%
Borehole 6,2%
Spring 4,3%
Rain water tank 2,5%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 3,9%
River/Stream 35,4%
Water vendor 2,2%
Water tanker 5,5%
Other 1,4%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 4,7%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 2%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 1,8%
Chemical toilet 7,9%
Pit toilet with ventilation 14,4%
Pit toilet without ventilation 61,1%
Bucket toilet 1%
Other 7,2%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 1,2%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 0,9%
Communal refuse dump 0,5%
Own refuse dump 84,1%
No rubbish disposal 12,8%
Other 0,5%
Quick Fact

51,9%  unemployment rate.

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The municipality has 26 234 people who are economically active (employed or unemployed but looking for work), and of these 51,9% are unemployed.

Of the 14 631 economically active youth (15–34 years) in the area, 62,6% are unemployed.

Employment Status Number
Employed 12630
Unemployed 13604
Discouraged Work Seeker 9687
Not Economically Active 54679
Income Percentage
None income 15,7%
R1 - R4,800 6,1%
R4,801 - R9,600 11,2%
R9,601 - R19,600 27,3%
R19,601 - R38,200 23,7%
R38,201 - R76,4000 8,7%
R76,401 - R153,800 3,8%
R153,801 - R307,600 2,2%
R307,601 - R614,400 1%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,2%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,1%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 6,268
Poultry production 7,185
Vegetable production 6,415
Production of other crops 3,170
Other 592

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 4,730
Animals only 6,896
Mixed farming 3,840
Other 166

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 5,196
R1-R4 800 600
R4 801-R38 400 8,806
R38 401-R307 200 647
R307 201+ 66
Unspecified 121

Key Statistics 2011

Total population160,975
Young (0-14)37,1%
Working Age (15-64)56,3%
Elderly (65+)6,6%
Dependency ratio77,7
Sex ratio86,8
Population growth rate-1,85% (2001-2011)
Population density128 persons/km2
Unemployment rate51,9%
Youth unemployment rate62,6%
No schooling aged 20+17,3%
Higher education aged 20+3,8%
Matric aged 20+20,2%
Number of households35,171
Number of Agricultural households15,633
Average household size4,5
Female headed households56,5%
Formal dwellings47,6%
Housing owned/paying off77%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage2%
Weekly refuse removal1,2%
Piped water inside dwelling5,1%
Electricity for lighting49%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population193,768
Young (0-14)41%
Working Age (15-64)56,3%
Elderly (65+)6,4%
Dependency ratio90
Sex ratio81,2
Population growth rate2,99% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate72%
Youth unemployment rate79,6%
No schooling aged 20+32,4%
Higher education aged 20+2,5%
Matric aged 20+8,2%
Number of households38,280
Average household size5
Female headed households60,5%
Formal dwellings38,6%
Housing owned/paying off61,5%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage3,1%
Weekly refuse removal1,4%
Piped water inside dwelling1%
Electricity for lighting29,2%