The Big 5 False Bay

Quick Fact

The Big 5 False Bay Municipality has a total population of 35 258: Census 2011.

Quick Fact Image 1,13% Growth Rate

Big Five False Bay Municipality is located is a municipality under Umkhanyakude District Municipality.  It is located in the northern part of KwaZulu-Natal province and covers approximately 1191km² of Umkhanyakude Disrict Municipality.  The Municipality has a population of 35 258, the smallest population within the Umkhanyakude District Municipality.

The Municipality is largely rural.  Majority of the population occupy the north-eastern part, which is densely populated by rural traditional communities.  A large proportion of land is used for agriculture and game lodge activities and is sparsely populated.  Hluhluwe is the main semi-urban area for the Municipality.

Rank By:
194 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Blue Crane Route , Eastern Cape 36,002 191
Swellendam , Western Cape 35,916 192
Mookgopong , Limpopo 35,640 193
The Big 5 False Bay , KwaZulu-Natal 35,258 194
Tsantsabane , Northern Cape 35,093 195
Emadlangeni , KwaZulu-Natal 34,442 196
Mohokare , Free State 34,146 197
Quick Fact

The municipality is deeply rural.  The Municipality was the smallest in terms of population numbers and size compared to other four municipalities within Umkhanyakude.

Quick Fact Image

96% 0f the total population is black african.  Most of this people reside in the rural areas under the jurisdiction of Amakhosi.  The remainder of the population is constituted by whites, which formed 3% of the population.  Most of the Whites reside on farms and game lodges which are scattered throughout the municipality.

The dominant language is IsiZulu.  The largest portion of the population consists of young people between the ages of 14 to 64 years.

Education

Census 2011 reveals school attendance by population aged between 5 and 24 was 75,7% (25 3763 out of total of 33502 ) while 24,3% (8128) were not attending school.  In 2011 26,0 had no schooling down from 40,4% in 2001. 24,4% had  completed matric in 2011 while 5% had attained higher education.

Births

The broad pyramid between ages 0-5 years indicate a high birth rate and high fertility rate.

Deaths

The broad pyramid between ages 0-5 years indicate a high birth rate and high fertility rate.

Group Percentage
Black African95,8%
Coloured0,3%
Indian/Asian0,2%
White3,2%
Other0,4%
Age Males Females
0-4 6,6% 6,6%
5-9 5,9% 5,9%
10-14 6,5% 6%
15-19 6,3% 6%
20-24 4,6% 5,5%
25-29 4% 4,9%
30-34 2,8% 3,6%
35-39 2,2% 2,9%
40-44 1,7% 2,4%
45-49 1,5% 1,5%
50-54 1,3% 1,7%
55-59 1% 1,4%
60-64 0,8% 1,2%
65-69 0,5% 0,8%
70-74 0,4% 0,8%
75-79 0,2% 0,5%
80-84 0,2% 0,4%
85+ 0,2% 0,3%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 1,5%
English 1,9%
IsiNdebele 1,1%
IsiXhosa 0,1%
IsiZulu 91,1%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 0%
Setswana 0,6%
Sign Language 0,6%
SiSwati 0,1%
Tshivenda 0,1%
Xitsonga 0,1%
Other 0.3%
Not Applicable 2,2%
Group Percentage
Married 14,3%
Living together like married partners 5,8%
Never married 77,5%
Widower/Widow 1,5%
Separated 0,8%
Divorced 0,1%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 4,6%
Some Primary 46,9%
Completed Primary 7%
Some Secondary 29,2%
Completed Secondary 11%
Higher Education 0,6%
Not Applicable 0,7%
Sex Percentage
Female 53,2%
Male 46,8%
Quick Fact

Big five False Bay Municipality is the smallest municipality within the Umkhanyakude District.

Quick Fact Image 96% of households had access to piped water in the yard or 500m from their dwelling

The municipality has 7 998 households with average household of 3,8.  It consists of 79,6% of formal dwellings.  The proportion of households with flush toilets connected to water was 20,3 in 2011.  The proportion of households with piped water inside dwellings was 23,5%.

Poverty

52% of the households were headed by women and the dependency ratio was 72.  The municipality is  impoverished like other 4 local municipality within Umkhanyakude District.  With the lowest average household income in the district, this is indicative of how difficult it was for people to make ends meet.

Area Percentage
Urban 10,9%
Tribal/Traditional 80,7%
Farm 8,4%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 87,2% 12,8%
Computer 6,9% 93,1%
Television 39,9% 60,1%
Satellite Television 7,2% 92,8%
Radio 68,2% 31,8%
Landline / Telephone 3,8% 96,2%
Motor Car 14,9% 85,1%
Refrigerator 38,4% 61,6%
Electric / Gas-Stove 44% 56%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 37,6% 30,1% 42,6%
Gas 7,5% 4,3% 0,3%
Paraffin 2,1% 0,6% 0,4%
Solar 0,1% 0,2% 2,2%
Candles 0% 0% 52,9%
Wood 51,5% 34,7% 0%
Coal 0,1% 3,9% 0%
Animal Dung 0,1% 1,8% 0%
Other 0,5% 0,1% 0%
None 0,5% 24,3% 1,5%
Access Percentage
From Home 3,2%
From Cellphone 21,8%
From Work 2,8%
From Elsewhere 1,4%
No Access 70,9%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 24%
Owned and fully paid off 16,7%
Owned but not yet paid off 14%
Occupied rent free 43,4%
Other 1,9%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 64,3%
Borehole 11%
Spring 1,1%
Rain water tank 5,9%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 7,6%
River/Stream 3,5%
Water vendor 1,3%
Water tanker 2,8%
Other 2,6%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 13,2%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 20,3%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 9,5%
Chemical toilet 9,2%
Pit toilet with ventilation 38,3%
Pit toilet without ventilation 7,1%
Bucket toilet 0,9%
Other 1,5%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 18,4%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 6,2%
Communal refuse dump 2,5%
Own refuse dump 61,2%
No rubbish disposal 9,9%
Other 1,8%
Quick Fact

There are few job opportunities within the municipality, especially for low educated youth.

Youth unemployment was 31,6%

Quick Fact Image 31,6%

The municipality has an absence of industries and many young people finding it difficult to get jobs.  The economy relies more on agriculture and few jobs opportunities existed, with the unemployment rate at 27%.

Employment Status Number
Employed 5348
Unemployed 1930
Discouraged Work Seeker 2193
Not Economically Active 11026
Income Percentage
None income 12,4%
R1 - R4,800 8,5%
R4,801 - R9,600 12,8%
R9,601 - R19,600 23,1%
R19,601 - R38,200 22,9%
R38,201 - R76,4000 8,5%
R76,401 - R153,800 6,3%
R153,801 - R307,600 3,4%
R307,601 - R614,400 1,4%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,3%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,1%
R2,457,601+ 0,4%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 1,033
Poultry production 1,708
Vegetable production 1,724
Production of other crops 661
Other 320

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 1,067
Animals only 1,218
Mixed farming 936
Other 83

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 1,250
R1-R4 800 356
R4 801-R38 400 1,365
R38 401-R307 200 192
R307 201+ 34
Unspecified 105

Key Statistics 2011

Total population35,258
Young (0-14)37,5%
Working Age (15-64)58,1%
Elderly (65+)4,4%
Dependency ratio72
Sex ratio88
Population growth rate1,13% (2001-2011)
Population density14 persons/km2
Unemployment rate26,5%
Youth unemployment rate31,6%
No schooling aged 20+26%
Higher education aged 20+5%
Matric aged 20+24,4%
Number of households7,998
Number of Agricultural households3,303
Average household size3,8
Female headed households51,9%
Formal dwellings79,6%
Housing owned/paying off30,7%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage20,3%
Weekly refuse removal18,4%
Piped water inside dwelling23,5%
Electricity for lighting42,6%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population31,482
Young (0-14)41,9%
Working Age (15-64)58,1%
Elderly (65+)4,5%
Dependency ratio86,7
Sex ratio91,6
Population growth rate1,74% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate47%
Youth unemployment rate50,1%
No schooling aged 20+40,4%
Higher education aged 20+4%
Matric aged 20+12%
Number of households6,214
Average household size4,4
Female headed households48,9%
Formal dwellings49,2%
Housing owned/paying off49,6%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage23,8%
Weekly refuse removal15,8%
Piped water inside dwelling13,9%
Electricity for lighting21,9%