Engcobo

Quick Fact

According to Census 2011, the Engcobo Local Municipality has a total population estimated at 155 513.

Quick Fact Image -0,42% Growth Rate

Engcobo Local Municipality is located in the Chris Hani District of the Eastern Cape, the second largest province in terms of land coverage on the south-eastern seaboard of South Africa. Engcobo consists of 20 wards, extends over 2 258,78km² with a population of 155 513, and constitutes 19,6% of the total population of the district, as per the Census 2011 information.

The majority of the population is female (56%).  There are about 66 people per square kilometre.  The population is predominantly black African, followed by an insignificant number of Asians/Indians, coloureds and whites.

Rank By:
71 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Umhlabuyalingana , KwaZulu-Natal 156,736 68
Port St Johns , Eastern Cape 156,136 69
Stellenbosch , Western Cape 155,733 70
Engcobo , Eastern Cape 155,513 71
Ramotshere Moiloa , North West 150,713 72
Ba-Phalaborwa , Limpopo 150,637 73
Msukaligwa , Mpumalanga 149,377 74
Quick Fact

19,7% of those aged 20 and older have no form of schooling

Quick Fact Image

There are 21 088 economically active (employed or unemployed but looking for work) persons in the municipality; the unemployment rate is estimated at 45,7%, which does not include the 7 708 discouraged work-seekers who have given up looking for work.

Amongst the youth (15–34) in the area, 4 792 are employed. The youth unemployment rate is estimated at 55,3%, which does not include the 4 586 youths who fall within the discouraged work-seeker group.

Group Percentage
Black African99,6%
Coloured0,1%
Indian/Asian0,1%
White0,1%
Other0,1%
Age Males Females
0-4 6,8% 6,6%
5-9 6,7% 6,4%
10-14 6,8% 6,3%
15-19 6,7% 6,1%
20-24 3,4% 4,1%
25-29 2,5% 3,1%
30-34 1,8% 2,5%
35-39 1,7% 2,7%
40-44 1,5% 2,5%
45-49 1,4% 1,4%
50-54 1,4% 2,5%
55-59 1,3% 2,1%
60-64 1,3% 1,7%
65-69 0,9% 1,3%
70-74 1% 1,4%
75-79 0,5% 1%
80-84 0,4% 0,6%
85+ 0,2% 0,4%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 0,8%
English 2%
IsiNdebele 0,2%
IsiXhosa 94%
IsiZulu 0,3%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 0,3%
Setswana 0,2%
Sign Language 0,9%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0%
Other 0.2%
Not Applicable 0,8%
Group Percentage
Married 21,5%
Living together like married partners 1,7%
Never married 71%
Widower/Widow 4,8%
Separated 0,7%
Divorced 0,3%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3,2%
Some Primary 58%
Completed Primary 7,4%
Some Secondary 26,6%
Completed Secondary 3,4%
Higher Education 0,4%
Not Applicable 1,1%
Sex Percentage
Female 53,7%
Male 46,3%
Quick Fact

50,9% of households use electricity for lighting

Quick Fact Image

There are 37 214 households in the municipality, with an average household size of 4,1 persons per household. 17,9% of households have access to piped water inside the dwelling/institution and 27,3% have water in their yard. 9,4% of households do not have access to piped water.

Area Percentage
Urban 6,3%
Tribal/Traditional 93,7%
Farm 0%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 81,7% 18,3%
Computer 2,3% 97,7%
Television 39% 61%
Satellite Television 5,7% 94,3%
Radio 50,9% 49,1%
Landline / Telephone 1,6% 98,4%
Motor Car 10,3% 89,7%
Refrigerator 26,1% 73,9%
Electric / Gas-Stove 47,1% 52,9%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 35,7% 15% 50,9%
Gas 4,4% 1,4% 0,4%
Paraffin 16,8% 23,2% 17,9%
Solar 0,1% 0,1% 0,7%
Candles 0% 0% 29,6%
Wood 33% 52,7% 0%
Coal 0,2% 0,5% 0%
Animal Dung 9,1% 2,9% 0%
Other 0,5% 0,1% 0%
None 0,2% 4,1% 0,5%
Access Percentage
From Home 0,7%
From Cellphone 11,7%
From Work 1,1%
From Elsewhere 2,5%
No Access 84%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 7,2%
Owned and fully paid off 57,3%
Owned but not yet paid off 6,5%
Occupied rent free 21,8%
Other 7,2%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 27,5%
Borehole 8,6%
Spring 9,1%
Rain water tank 8,4%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 4,1%
River/Stream 34,1%
Water vendor 1%
Water tanker 4,4%
Other 2,8%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 43,5%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 3,8%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 0,9%
Chemical toilet 3,3%
Pit toilet with ventilation 20,6%
Pit toilet without ventilation 21,2%
Bucket toilet 0,5%
Other 6,3%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 2,9%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 0,5%
Communal refuse dump 1,2%
Own refuse dump 62,6%
No rubbish disposal 29,1%
Other 3,8%
Quick Fact

55,3% Youth unemployment rate

Quick Fact Image

There are 21 088 economically active (employed or unemployed but looking for work) persons in the municipality;  the unemployment rate is estimated at 45,7%, which does not include the 7 708 discouraged work-seekers who have given up looking for work.

Amongst the youth (15–34) in the area, 4 792 are employed.The youth unemployment rate is estimated at 55,3%, which does not include the 4 586 youths who fall within the discouraged work-seeker group.

Employment Status Number
Employed 11461
Unemployed 9627
Discouraged Work Seeker 7708
Not Economically Active 53416
Income Percentage
None income 15,3%
R1 - R4,800 7,8%
R4,801 - R9,600 14,1%
R9,601 - R19,600 27,1%
R19,601 - R38,200 21,4%
R38,201 - R76,4000 6,9%
R76,401 - R153,800 3,6%
R153,801 - R307,600 2,5%
R307,601 - R614,400 0,9%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,2%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,1%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 16,421
Poultry production 14,809
Vegetable production 6,998
Production of other crops 3,495
Other 2,021

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 0
Animals only 13,335
Mixed farming 7,457
Other 163

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 7,329
R1-R4 800 1,323
R4 801-R38 400 12,066
R38 401-R307 200 907
R307 201+ 77
Unspecified 485

Place names

Places in Engcobo Municipality

Key Statistics 2011

Total population155,513
Young (0-14)39,5%
Working Age (15-64)52,9%
Elderly (65+)7,6%
Dependency ratio89,2
Sex ratio86,1
Growth rate-0,42% (2001-2011)
Population density63 persons/km2
Unemployment rate45,7%
Youth unemployment rate55,3%
No schooling aged 20+19,7%
Higher education aged 20+5,2%
Matric aged 20+9,6%
Number of households37,214
Number of Agricultural households22,187
Average household size4
Female headed households57,7%
Formal dwellings30,7%
Housing owned/paying off63,8%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage3,8%
Weekly refuse removal2,9%
Piped water inside dwelling3%
Electricity for lighting50,9%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population162,248
Young (0-14)44,5%
Working Age (15-64)52,9%
Elderly (65+)6,8%
Dependency ratio105,1%
Sex ratio83,2
Growth rate-0,34% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate69,9%
Youth unemployment rate79,5%
No schooling aged 20+42,7%
Higher education aged 20+3,5%
Matric aged 20+5,5%
Number of households33,740
Average household size4,7
Female headed households58,6%
Formal dwellings18,9%
Housing owned/paying off56,9%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage3,5%
Weekly refuse removal3%
Piped water inside dwelling1,3%
Electricity for lighting18,6%