!Kheis

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Quick Fact Image 0,06% Growth Rate

!Kheis is a Khoi name meaning “a place where you live”, or “a home”. The municipality is named in recognition of the Khoi people who were the first permanent dwellers of the area. The!Kheis Municipal Area was initially inhabited by the Khoi-San people, who are also the first permanent inhabitants of South Africa. The San, who lived a nomadic life, migrated through the area.

The Korannas (Khoi group) arrived in the area during the 18th century. They were widely spread over the “Benede Oranje” area and consisted of various tribes, each with its own captain (leader). The groups who lived in the! Kheisarea, was under the leadership of Captain Willem Bostander and Klaas Springbok. Many of their descendants still live in the area today.

Other Khoi-groups, such as the Griekwas, also migrated through the area and intermarried with the Korannas. Later coloured stock farmers, as well as white hunters and farmers arrived.

Rank By:
214 ranking by population size
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Kgatelopele , Northern Cape 18,687 211
Ubuntu , Northern Cape 18,601 212
Baviaans , Eastern Cape 17,761 213
!Kheis , Northern Cape 16,637 214
Thembelihle , Northern Cape 15,701 215
Prince Albert , Western Cape 13,136 216
KwaSani , KwaZulu-Natal 12,898 217
Quick Fact

13,5% of those 20+ have no schooling.

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!Kheis Municipality was established from the former Groblershoop Municipality, including the following settlements: Boegoeberg, Gariep, Grootdrink, Kleinbegin, Opwag, Topline, and Wegdraai. These settlements were previously part of the Siyanda and Karoo District Municipalities.

These municipalities administrated these settlements and provided them with services up until the demarcation in November 2000. From December 2000, !KheisMunicipality took over services and personnel and total service provision took place from 1 July 2001.

Group Percentage
Black African6,9%
Coloured85,4%
Indian/Asian1%
White5,4%
Other1,4%
Age Males Females
0-4 6,1% 5,8%
5-9 5,8% 6%
10-14 5,8% 5,5%
15-19 4,5% 4,7%
20-24 3,8% 3,3%
25-29 3,6% 3,6%
30-34 4,2% 3,5%
35-39 3,5% 3,3%
40-44 2,9% 2,9%
45-49 3% 3%
50-54 2% 2,3%
55-59 1,9% 2,1%
60-64 1,5% 1,5%
65-69 0,9% 1%
70-74 0,6% 0,7%
75-79 0,4% 0,5%
80-84 0,1% 0,2%
85+ 0,2% 0,2%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 92,9%
English 1,1%
IsiNdebele 0,1%
IsiXhosa 0,7%
IsiZulu 0,2%
Sepedi 0,1%
Sesotho 0,5%
Setswana 1,8%
Sign Language 0,2%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0,1%
Xitsonga 0,1%
Other 0.4%
Not Applicable 1,6%
Group Percentage
Married 21,1%
Living together like married partners 10,5%
Never married 64,3%
Widower/Widow 3,4%
Separated 0,4%
Divorced 0,4%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3,1%
Some Primary 55%
Completed Primary 7,5%
Some Secondary 26,1%
Completed Secondary 5,7%
Higher Education 0,5%
Not Applicable 2,1%
Sex Percentage
Female 49,5%
Male 50,5%
Quick Fact

64% use electricity for lighting.

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!Kheis Municipal Area is mainly a stock-farming and irrigation area. The Orange River stretches right through the area, from the southeast to the northwest. It is in actual fact the river that makes economic development possible. Without the river, the area would have been much poorer. Residents of the area also settled close to the river.

The presence of perennial river water contributed mainly to the establishment of table grapes, which are marketed and exported to Western Europe. This industry currently provides the most job opportunities in the area. Unfortunately a large percentage of this employment is seasonal.

Area Percentage
Urban 78,3%
Tribal/Traditional 0%
Farm 21,7%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 68% 32%
Computer 10,6% 89,4%
Television 56% 44%
Satellite Television 18% 82%
Radio 53,9% 46,1%
Landline / Telephone 7,1% 92,9%
Motor Car 21,9% 78,1%
Refrigerator 49,9% 50,1%
Electric / Gas-Stove 67% 33%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 55,2% 49,6% 64%
Gas 8,3% 1,7% 0,2%
Paraffin 0,7% 0,1% 2%
Solar 0,6% 0,5% 2,7%
Candles 0% 0% 30,4%
Wood 34,8% 42,1% 0%
Coal 0,1% 0,2% 0%
Animal Dung 0% 0% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,3% 5,8% 0,7%
Access Percentage
From Home 3,8%
From Cellphone 15%
From Work 2,1%
From Elsewhere 1,4%
No Access 77,7%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 15,4%
Owned and fully paid off 53,2%
Owned but not yet paid off 14%
Occupied rent free 15,9%
Other 1,5%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 61,9%
Borehole 8,8%
Spring 0,1%
Rain water tank 0,4%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 8,1%
River/Stream 6,8%
Water vendor 0,2%
Water tanker 5,5%
Other 8,2%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 24,7%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 27%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 21,3%
Chemical toilet 0,7%
Pit toilet with ventilation 12,1%
Pit toilet without ventilation 8,8%
Bucket toilet 2%
Other 3,5%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 53,3%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 1,2%
Communal refuse dump 1,1%
Own refuse dump 25,8%
No rubbish disposal 15,8%
Other 2,8%
Quick Fact

34,3% Youth unemployment rate.

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The environment also promotes stock-farming, and people especially keep sheep livestock for the meat market. The stock-farming industry also provides work to local people. Sometimes, however, the stock-farming industry is affected negatively by droughts.

The natural environment of !Kheis Municipal Area further creates opportunities for tourism. For instance, the presence of the Orange River is a definite tourism asset, since the river provides several tourism possibilities. The appearance of mountains, hills, and large open spaces, could also be allurement for the 4X4 tourists, since 4X4 routes could be created. The natural appearance of the area also supports agricultural tourism.In the irrigation sector, focus is mainly placed on the cultivation of table grapes.

There are also two wine cellars in the area, i.e. at Grootdrink and Groblershoop. High quality table wine is produced at these wine cellars, as well as quality grape juice. The products of these wine cellars have already received several national and international awards. Several permanent jobs are created through these wine cellars.

Employment Status Number
Employed 4047
Unemployed 1570
Discouraged Work Seeker 551
Not Economically Active 3862
Income Percentage
None income 7,7%
R1 - R4,800 3,3%
R4,801 - R9,600 7%
R9,601 - R19,600 22,2%
R19,601 - R38,200 28,3%
R38,201 - R76,4000 16,2%
R76,401 - R153,800 7,1%
R153,801 - R307,600 4,6%
R307,601 - R614,400 2,3%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,7%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,3%
R2,457,601+ 0,3%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 427
Poultry production 676
Vegetable production 117
Production of other crops 311
Other 93

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 0
Animals only 802
Mixed farming 160
Other 11

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 255
R1-R4 800 21
R4 801-R38 400 693
R38 401-R307 200 179
R307 201+ 40
Unspecified 20

Place names

Places in !Kheis Municipality

Key Statistics 2011

Total population16,637
Young (0-14)35%
Working Age (15-64)60,3%
Elderly (65+)4,7%
Dependency ratio65,9
Sex ratio102,2
Growth rate0,06% (2001-2011)
Population density1 persons/km2
Unemployment rate28%
Youth unemployment rate34,3%
No schooling aged 20+13,5%
Higher education aged 20+4,5%
Matric aged 20+14%
Number of households4,146
Number of Agricultural households1,209
Average household size3,9
Female headed households33,6%
Formal dwellings66,3%
Housing owned/paying off67,1%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage27%
Weekly refuse removal53,3%
Piped water inside dwelling16,7%
Electricity for lighting64%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population16,538
Young (0-14)34,4%
Working Age (15-64)60,3%
Elderly (65+)5%
Dependency ratio65,1%
Sex ratio98,2
Growth rate1,89% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate20%
Youth unemployment rate26,4%
No schooling aged 20+22,4%
Higher education aged 20+3,8%
Matric aged 20+10,5%
Number of households4,080
Average household size4
Female headed households23,9%
Formal dwellings78,8%
Housing owned/paying off38,3%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage32,9%
Weekly refuse removal42,6%
Piped water inside dwelling21,2%
Electricity for lighting58,6%