Musina

Quick Fact

Musina Municipality has the population of  68 359.

Quick Fact Image 5,53% Growth Rate

Musina in the Limpopo Valley is the northernmost town in South Africa. Situated close to the Beit Bridge border post between South Africa and Zimbabwe, it is the main entry point into the country from countries north of South Africa.

The town developed around the copper mining industry in the area. Copper was first discovered in pre-historic times by the Musina people who named it ‘musina’, meaning ‘spoiler’, because they considered it a poor substitute for iron, which is what they were after.

The mineral was later re-discovered and mined by 20th century miners. Today iron, coal, magnetite, graphite, asbestos, diamonds and copper are mined here. With fascinating attractions and many game farms in the area, tourism and hunting play an important role in the economy of the town.

The recently declared world heritage site of Mapungubwe (meaning ‘Hill of the Jackal’) is one of the richest archaeological sites in the country. Botanical highlights of the region include fine specimens of baobab trees and impala lilies which are both protected species. Agricultural products include citrus, mangoes, tomatoes and dates.

Rank By:
145 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Hlabisa , KwaZulu-Natal 71,925 142
Knysna , Western Cape 68,659 143
Modimolle , Limpopo 68,513 144
Musina , Limpopo 68,359 145
Umjindi , Mpumalanga 67,156 146
Matzikama , Western Cape 67,147 147
Naledi , North West 66,781 148
Quick Fact

11,3% of those 20+ have no schooling.

Quick Fact Image

Musina Municipality is a multi racial municipality, due to the influence of the mining industry and the Beit bridge border gate. Only 50% of the population in the municipality speaks Tshivenda as their first language, followed by 8,8% who speak Sesotho, which is unusual in this area.

The population in the municipality is dominated by people of aged 15–36.

 

Group Percentage
Black African94%
Coloured0,3%
Indian/Asian0,5%
White4,8%
Other0,3%
Age Males Females
0-4 6,6% 6,2%
5-9 4% 4%
10-14 3,8% 3,6%
15-19 4,3% 4,2%
20-24 6,3% 6,2%
25-29 6,9% 6,7%
30-34 5,5% 4,9%
35-39 4,1% 4,1%
40-44 2,9% 2,8%
45-49 1,9% 1,9%
50-54 1,4% 1,5%
55-59 1% 1,1%
60-64 0,7% 0,7%
65-69 0,5% 0,5%
70-74 0,3% 0,4%
75-79 0,1% 0,3%
80-84 0,1% 0,2%
85+ 0,1% 0,2%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 4,7%
English 4,3%
IsiNdebele 3,3%
IsiXhosa 0,2%
IsiZulu 0,6%
Sepedi 8%
Sesotho 8,8%
Setswana 0,3%
Sign Language 0,2%
SiSwati 0,2%
Tshivenda 50,5%
Xitsonga 4,2%
Other 11.8%
Not Applicable 3%
Group Percentage
Married 25,3%
Living together like married partners 11,6%
Never married 59,4%
Widower/Widow 2%
Separated 0,8%
Divorced 0,8%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 4,6%
Some Primary 38,4%
Completed Primary 8%
Some Secondary 36,7%
Completed Secondary 9,2%
Higher Education 1,2%
Not Applicable 1,9%
Sex Percentage
Female 49,5%
Male 50,5%
Quick Fact

 76,4% Use electricity for lighting.

Quick Fact Image

There are over 20 042 household in Musina Municipality with an average of 3,1 persons per household. The majority of households live in a house or brick/concrete block structures at 78%, followed by those who lives in traditional dwelling at 15,4 %. The majority of households in the district have access to piped water at 93%.

Area Percentage
Urban 62,4%
Tribal/Traditional 6,9%
Farm 30,7%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 83,1% 16,9%
Computer 12,8% 87,2%
Television 58,9% 41,1%
Satellite Television 23,4% 76,6%
Radio 48,5% 51,5%
Landline / Telephone 4,3% 95,7%
Motor Car 17,3% 82,7%
Refrigerator 52,5% 47,5%
Electric / Gas-Stove 66,1% 33,9%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 65,7% 53,5% 76,4%
Gas 1,9% 0,7% 0,2%
Paraffin 2,2% 1% 1,1%
Solar 0,1% 0,1% 0,3%
Candles 0% 0% 21,4%
Wood 29,6% 25,5% 0%
Coal 0,1% 0,1% 0%
Animal Dung 0% 0% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,3% 18,9% 0,6%
Access Percentage
From Home 4,6%
From Cellphone 11,6%
From Work 3,4%
From Elsewhere 1,9%
No Access 78,6%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 43,3%
Owned and fully paid off 27,9%
Owned but not yet paid off 3,4%
Occupied rent free 24,3%
Other 1,1%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 58,9%
Borehole 22,1%
Spring 0,3%
Rain water tank 0,2%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 3,5%
River/Stream 9,5%
Water vendor 0,6%
Water tanker 4,3%
Other 0,6%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 13,2%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 63,2%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 3,2%
Chemical toilet 0,2%
Pit toilet with ventilation 7,4%
Pit toilet without ventilation 11,2%
Bucket toilet 0,6%
Other 1%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 61,5%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 2,1%
Communal refuse dump 5,4%
Own refuse dump 19,7%
No rubbish disposal 10,8%
Other 0,5%
Quick Fact

22,5% Youth unemployment rate.

Quick Fact Image

The Municipality’s economic growth potential is in agriculture and Eco-Tourism. Most people in the district derive their livelihood through agricultural pursuits. The main occupation sector is agriculture (commercial and subsistence).

 

Employment Status Number
Employed 25588
Unemployed 5893
Discouraged Work Seeker 1869
Not Economically Active 13966
Income Percentage
None income 12%
R1 - R4,800 3,9%
R4,801 - R9,600 11,3%
R9,601 - R19,600 27,8%
R19,601 - R38,200 20,3%
R38,201 - R76,4000 10,3%
R76,401 - R153,800 6,6%
R153,801 - R307,600 4,4%
R307,601 - R614,400 2,5%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,6%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,2%
R2,457,601+ 0,2%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 720
Poultry production 747
Vegetable production 977
Production of other crops 374
Other 552

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 0
Animals only 881
Mixed farming 284
Other 191

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 485
R1-R4 800 96
R4 801-R38 400 1,264
R38 401-R307 200 327
R307 201+ 40
Unspecified 49

Place names

Places in Musina Municipality

Key Statistics 2011

Total population68,359
Young (0-14)28,2%
Working Age (15-64)69,2%
Elderly (65+)2,6%
Dependency ratio44,5
Sex ratio101,9
Growth rate5,53% (2001-2011)
Population density9 persons/km2
Unemployment rate18,7%
Youth unemployment rate22,5%
No schooling aged 20+11,3%
Higher education aged 20+6,8%
Matric aged 20+21,6%
Number of households20,042
Number of Agricultural households2,261
Average household size3
Female headed households39,6%
Formal dwellings74,8%
Housing owned/paying off31,3%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage63,2%
Weekly refuse removal61,5%
Piped water inside dwelling26,4%
Electricity for lighting76,4%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population39,310
Young (0-14)29,5%
Working Age (15-64)69,2%
Elderly (65+)3%
Dependency ratio48,1%
Sex ratio91,5
Growth rate3,46% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate24,9%
Youth unemployment rate27,8%
No schooling aged 20+25,4%
Higher education aged 20+4,9%
Matric aged 20+12,5%
Number of households11,577
Average household size2,8
Female headed households41,6%
Formal dwellings62,6%
Housing owned/paying off35,6%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage44,6%
Weekly refuse removal42,3%
Piped water inside dwelling15,7%
Electricity for lighting59,2%