Endumeni

Quick Fact

2,38% Population growth rate.

Quick Fact Image 2,38% Growth rate

Situated in the Umzinyathi District Municipality in the north-western part of KwaZulu-Natal, Endumeni Local Municipality is home to a population that is predominantly urban, with only 16,8% living in non-urban areas. The towns of Dundee, Glencoe and Wasbank house most of the urban population of Endumeni. Wasbank is located at the foot of the Indumeni mountain, an inactive volcano.

(Source: www.endumeni.gov.za).

Rank By:
154 ranking by population size
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Kai !Garib , Northern Cape 65,869 151
Richmond , KwaZulu-Natal 65,793 152
Inxuba Yethemba , Eastern Cape 65,560 153
Endumeni , KwaZulu-Natal 64,862 154
Sakhisizwe , Eastern Cape 63,582 155
Masilonyana , Free State 63,334 156
Mkhambathini , KwaZulu-Natal 63,142 157
Quick Fact

7% of people aged 20 years and older have had no schooling.

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Endumeni Local Municipality is one of the municipalities that are better off, with educational levels that are significantly higher than those of other municipalities. Only 7% of people (aged 20 years and older) reported to have had no education, which is far below those levels reported by other municipalities, such as Msinga with 41,2%. The primary school enrollment rate is significantly high, with 88,3% of young people enrolled within the district.

This shows the high level of accessibility to educational facilities and to education itself. 31,9% of the population aged 20 years and older were found to have completed matric in 2011. This will provide better opportunities for the population in future, as education is linked to better employment and better earning, hence improving the standard of living for the population as a whole.

Group Percentage
Black African83,9%
Coloured2,6%
Indian/Asian5,9%
White7,2%
Other0,4%
Age Males Females
0-4 5,3% 5,3%
5-9 5,1% 5,3%
10-14 5,3% 5,1%
15-19 5,5% 5,3%
20-24 5,3% 4,9%
25-29 4,8% 4,7%
30-34 3,6% 3,4%
35-39 3,1% 3,2%
40-44 2,5% 2,8%
45-49 2,1% 2,1%
50-54 1,7% 2,1%
55-59 1,5% 1,8%
60-64 1,1% 1,4%
65-69 0,8% 1,1%
70-74 0,5% 0,8%
75-79 0,3% 0,5%
80-84 0,1% 0,3%
85+ 0,1% 0,3%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 5,1%
English 11,8%
IsiNdebele 0,9%
IsiXhosa 0,2%
IsiZulu 76,3%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 0,6%
Setswana 0,4%
Sign Language 0,2%
SiSwati 0,1%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0,1%
Other 0.6%
Not Applicable 3,5%
Group Percentage
Married 17%
Living together like married partners 6,7%
Never married 72,7%
Widower/Widow 2,7%
Separated 0,3%
Divorced 0,7%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 2,6%
Some Primary 42,5%
Completed Primary 5,8%
Some Secondary 29,8%
Completed Secondary 13,6%
Higher Education 1,2%
Not Applicable 4,5%
Sex Percentage
Female 51,2%
Male 48,8%
Quick Fact

79,1% Access to electricity for lighting.

Quick Fact Image

Just over 87% of the population of Endumeni lives in formal urban housing with 3,1% of the community living in traditional housing and 13,8% on rural farms. In comparison to the rest of the district municipality, the people of Endumeni are generally better off in terms of access to service infrastructure: 79,1% of households have access to electricity for lighting, while 61,9% have access to piped water within the dwelling.

Area Percentage
Urban 83,2%
Tribal/Traditional 3,1%
Farm 13,8%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 88,9% 11,1%
Computer 17,9% 82,1%
Television 71,6% 28,4%
Satellite Television 25,2% 74,8%
Radio 74% 26%
Landline / Telephone 16,9% 83,1%
Motor Car 31,3% 68,7%
Refrigerator 63,7% 36,3%
Electric / Gas-Stove 71,2% 28,8%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 67,8% 53,7% 79,1%
Gas 6% 4,6% 0,3%
Paraffin 8,8% 6,4% 0,7%
Solar 0,2% 0,1% 0,3%
Candles 0% 0% 19,3%
Wood 8,1% 10,8% 0%
Coal 8,3% 9,7% 0%
Animal Dung 0,3% 0,4% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,4% 14,3% 0,4%
Access Percentage
From Home 7%
From Cellphone 16,3%
From Work 3,4%
From Elsewhere 2,3%
No Access 71%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 31,8%
Owned and fully paid off 46,3%
Owned but not yet paid off 9,5%
Occupied rent free 10,1%
Other 2,2%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 84,8%
Borehole 6,6%
Spring 1,3%
Rain water tank 0,3%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 1,5%
River/Stream 1,3%
Water vendor 0,4%
Water tanker 3%
Other 1%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 4,1%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 76,1%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 3,9%
Chemical toilet 0,8%
Pit toilet with ventilation 5%
Pit toilet without ventilation 8,2%
Bucket toilet 0,2%
Other 1,7%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 76,7%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 1%
Communal refuse dump 1,6%
Own refuse dump 17,2%
No rubbish disposal 2,9%
Other 0,7%
Quick Fact

26,4% Unemployment rate.

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Endumeni Local Municipality has the smallest population but the largest economy when compared to other local authorities in the district. Of the 20 693 economically active (i.e., employed or unemployed but looking for work) individuals in the municipality, 26,4% are unemployed. The unemployment rate among the economically active youth (15 – 34 years) in the municipality is much higher, at 36,2%.

Employment Status Number
Employed 15228
Unemployed 5465
Discouraged Work Seeker 2222
Not Economically Active 18444
Income Percentage
None income 12,4%
R1 - R4,800 4,4%
R4,801 - R9,600 7,7%
R9,601 - R19,600 19,4%
R19,601 - R38,200 18,7%
R38,201 - R76,4000 13,5%
R76,401 - R153,800 10,2%
R153,801 - R307,600 8%
R307,601 - R614,400 4,2%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 1%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,2%
R2,457,601+ 0,2%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 1,175
Poultry production 1,418
Vegetable production 1,310
Production of other crops 300
Other 287

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 0
Animals only 1,560
Mixed farming 524
Other 78

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 709
R1-R4 800 149
R4 801-R38 400 1,530
R38 401-R307 200 649
R307 201+ 91
Unspecified 56

Place names

Places in Endumeni Municipality

Key Statistics 2011

Total population64,862
Young (0-14)31,4%
Working Age (15-64)63,8%
Elderly (65+)4,8%
Dependency ratio56,8
Sex ratio95,2
Growth rate2,38% (2001-2011)
Population density40 persons/km2
Unemployment rate26,4%
Youth unemployment rate36,2%
No schooling aged 20+7%
Higher education aged 20+10,7%
Matric aged 20+31,8%
Number of households16,851
Number of Agricultural households3,184
Average household size3,7
Female headed households42,3%
Formal dwellings87,1%
Housing owned/paying off55,8%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage76,1%
Weekly refuse removal76,7%
Piped water inside dwelling61,9%
Electricity for lighting79,1%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population51,101
Young (0-14)31,9%
Working Age (15-64)63,8%
Elderly (65+)4,4%
Dependency ratio57%
Sex ratio96,5
Growth rate2,81% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate46%
Youth unemployment rate56,5%
No schooling aged 20+15,5%
Higher education aged 20+7,8%
Matric aged 20+22,2%
Number of households12,278
Average household size3,8
Female headed households40,1%
Formal dwellings81,7%
Housing owned/paying off49,6%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage74,8%
Weekly refuse removal68,4%
Piped water inside dwelling36,9%
Electricity for lighting67,8%