The unemployment rate among youth increased from 32,7% to 36,1% between 2008 and 2014; in the post recessionary period, the unemployment rate has been consistently higher among youth than among adults by more than 20 percentage points.
The report released by Statistics South Africa examines in detail various aspects of the situation faced by youth aged 15–34 years in the South African labour market, based on the first quarter results of the QLFS each year over the period 2008 to 2014.
Young people accounted for 52–64% of the working age population but are under-represented in employment, accounting for only 42–49% of the employed. Over the period 2008–2014, in every province, there was a decline in the share of youth in the working-age population as well as in employment.
Young people face a number of challenges in the labour market:
Young people aged 15–34 years are not a homogenous group, and their labour market situation often varies enormously when 5-year age categories are analysed.
Among youth, the younger age categories (15–19 years and 20–24 years) are more vulnerable in the labour market as reflected in higher unemployment rates, lower absorption rates and a greater likelihood to be discouraged relative to the older age categories (25–29 years and 30–34 years).
The report is the third in a series of quarterly reports aimed at providing an analysis of various aspects of the South African labour market at provincial level, based on current labour market information.
Ms Kefiloe Masiteng
Deputy Director General: Population and Social Statistics
Tel : 012 310 2109
Cell : 0833893673
Tel: 012 310 8578