Consumer inflation rises to four-month high

Annual CPI inflation quickened to 3,2% in July from 2,2% in June as lockdown restrictions continued to ease. The monthly increase was 1,3%, the biggest monthly rise since February 2016 when the rate was 1,4%.


The monthly move in July was driven largely by fuel prices and municipal tariffs. Motorists felt some pain as the price of inland 95-octane petrol climbed from R13,40 per litre in June to R15,12 per litre in July.1 The average price for a litre of diesel jumped from R13,13 to R14,62.

Despite these increases, fuel was still 6,2% cheaper this July than it was in the same month last year. Inland 95-octane petrol would have set you back R15,81 per litre in July 2019.

Municipalities normally introduce revised tariffs (for water and electricity) and municipal rates in the month of July. The increases in July 2020 are lower than the increases recorded in July 2019.

  • Electricity tariffs increased by 6,3%, lower than last year’s rise of 10,5%.
  • Water tariffs increased by 9,9% from last year’s 10,3%.
  • Municipal rates increased by 3,5% from last year’s 6,3%.

Annual food and non-alcoholic beverages inflation has remained in the 4,2%–4,4% range since February 2020. The rate was 4,3% in July 2020.

Bread and cereal inflation has slowed over the last year. The annual rate in July 2020 was 2,8%, much lower than the 7,9% recorded in July 2019. On a monthly basis, brown bread prices increased by 2,3% between June 2020 and July 2020. White bread was 2,0% more expensive over the same period.

Meat prices were unchanged on average between June and July. But chicken prices saw aggregate declines with IQF bags decreasing by 1,9% between June and July, and fresh portions by 0,4%.

Alcoholic beverages were available for sale in June and for the first half of July. Prices increased by 1,2% during this period. The annual price change was 1,9%.

Funeral expenses increased sharply in July, rising by 8,7% year-on-year. This is far higher than the 1,1% annual rise recorded in April (funeral related prices are recorded once a quarter). Prices for gravestones increased by 3,2% in July, higher than April’s 0,3%.


For more information, download the latest Consumer Price Index (CPI) release here.

1 Department of Energy. Comparing prices for petrol, diesel and illuminating paraffin (IP) (click here).

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