Key findings: 03-10-24 - Gender series vol VIII: Gender patterns in transport, 2020, 2020

Between 2013 and 2020 the percentage of people who indicated to have taken a trip decreased from 81,4% to 76,0%. This decline was also reflected in both males (from 83,8% in 2013 to 78,5% in 2020) and females (from 79,1% in 2013 to 73,7% in 2020).

Day trips analysis revealed that in 2020, both males and females who took day trips had equal percentage share of 28,8%. Whereas females were more likely than males to take overnight trips as indicated by 26,1% for females and  24,4% for males.

Differences in reasons for undertaking day trips revealed that women mainly travelled to attend religious/cultural/traditional, wedding, leisure/holiday, shopping, funeral and medical activities. Men on the other mainly travelled more than females to look for work or for sporting activities.

The use of public transport particularly taxis remains skewed toward black African and coloured population groups, with females reporting a slightly higher usage than males.   

The possession of driving licence showed gender and racial disparities. The percentage of males with driving licence was 40,1% and 21,8% for females in 2020.  Black Africans lagged behind all other population groups with regard to the passion of driving licences.  

Gender travel patterns to educational institutions for Grade R­–12 revealed that in 2020, more than 70% of learners in rural areas were more likely to walk all the way to school, and this was the case for both sexes.

Travel patterns to places of employment showed that majority of workers were car drivers or used taxis. The percentage of males commuting as car drivers surpassed that of females in both years.

The household travel patterns revealed that taxis were the most popular mode of transportation for households in both 2013 and 2020, with female-headed households being more likely to use them.