Media Release: Mpumalanga Community Survey 2016 results


Mpumalanga Community Survey 2016 results


The total population recorded for Mpumalanga in 2016 was 4,4 million, an increase from the population of 4,1 million in 2011, making it the fourth smallest province in the country in terms of population size, after the North West. 49,3% of the population in the province are male and 50,7% are female. The number of households increased from 1 075 488 in 2011 to 1 238 861 in 2016. Average household size in the province decreased from 3,8 in 2011 to 3,5 in 2016.  Ehlanzeni (483 903) has the highest number of households.



The majority of the population (3,7 million) currently residing in the Mpumalanga were born in  the province. About 169 172 Mpumalanga residents were born in Gauteng and 116 132 from Mpumalanga were born outside of South Africa.  Those that were born in Limpopo (155 000) migrated to Mpumalanga.



Over four-fifths (84,7%) of the population reside in formal dwellings and 10,9% in informal dwellings. Mpumalanga recorded a (19,5%) proportion of households who reported that their main dwelling was a RDP/government subsidised dwelling as compared to other provinces. Over three-fifths (62,5%) of the households in the Mpumalanga reported that their dwellings were owned and fully paid off.


Access to basic services


29% of households in the Mpumalanga had access to piped water inside the dwelling. A further 44,4% had access to piped water inside the yard and 5,4% had access to piped water from an access point outside the yard.  77,3% of households in the province reported that they had access to safe drinking water. The province recorded a high percentage of households that had access to electricity for cooking 79,8%, an increase from 69,3% recorded in 2011.


Poverty headcount and hunger


The poverty headcount in Mpumalanga achieved a slight decrease from 7,9% in 2011 and 7,8% in 2016. 273 886 of households in Mpumalanga reported that they had ran out of money in the last 12 months before the survey was conducted. 14,8 % of  households in Mpumalanga missed a meal over the same period.



Note to the editors:

The Community Survey is a large-scale household sample survey conducted to bridge the information gap between two censuses. It is one of the few available data sources that provide statistics at municipal level, and it is aimed at enhancing planning, monitoring and evaluation at this level of government. The survey provides data on, among others, population, health, migration, education and access to basic services. The 2016 survey was conducted between March and April 2016 and collected data from 1,3 million households across all South African communities.


Issued by Statistics South Africa


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