Annual consumer inflation edged up to 4,0% in December from November’s 3,6%. The main contributors to the 4,0% rate were food and non-alcoholic beverages; housing and utilities; transport; and miscellaneous goods and services.
The food and non-alcoholic beverages category recorded an annual rate of 3,9%, slightly higher than the 3,5% recorded in November. Bread and cereal prices continue to place pressure on overall food inflation, increasing by 8,0%, which was unchanged from November’s reading.
Other food items that saw notable price increases in December include fish (up 8,2%) and sugar, sweets and desserts (up 4,7%).
Meat inflation picked up from November’s 1,8% to 2,0% in December. Meat products that experienced the biggest annual price increases were corned beef, chicken portions (both frozen and fresh) and ham. These increases were offset by falling prices in biltong, bacon and mutton.
Annual inflation for housing and utilities slowed slightly in December to 4,6% from 4,8% recorded in November. Stats SA measures rental prices every quarter. The latest data incorporated into the December figures shows housing rental inflation slowing to 2,9% from the previous quarter’s reading of 3,3%.
Transport inflation picked up to 3,3% in December from -0,3% in November, reflecting higher fuel prices. A 22c per litre rise in the price of inland 95-octane petrol between November and December pushed up the annual petrol price increase to R1,06.1
Inflation was subdued in 2019
Taking the entire year into account, average inflation for 2019 was 4,1%, lower than the average rates recorded for 2018 (4,7%) and 2017 (5,3%).
The headline rate started the year in January where it ended off in December, at 4,0%. It peaked at 4,5% in March, May and June and hit its lowest point in November at 3,6%. The November reading was the lowest since December 2010.
The annual rate for food and non-alcoholic beverages climbed slowly but steadily throughout 2019, reaching 3,9% in December compared with January’s 3,0%. Bread and cereal prices increased sharply over the year, registering an annual rate of 8,0% in December compared with 2,8% recorded in January. The 2,0% annual rate for meat recorded in December was 1,2 percentage points higher than the January rate of 0,8%. Fish inflation also climbed during the year, rising from 5,9% in January to 8,2% in December.
Inflation for hot beverages slowed in 2019, registering 1,2% in December compared with 4,6% at the start of the year.
Fuel prices increased by 2,4% in December after starting the year with deflation of -1,2%. Prices of certain public transport services showed very large increases. Car rental fees increased by 14,9% and long-distance bus fares by 20,6% over the past 12 months.
For more information, download the Consumer Price Index (CPI) release for December 2019 here.
1 Department of Energy, Comparing prices for petrol, diesel and illuminating paraffin (IP) (click here).
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